Land use alters the resistance and resilience of soil food webs to drought

Franciska T. De Vries, Mira E. Liiri, Lisa Bjørnlund, Matthew A Bowker, Søren Christensen, Heikki M. Setälä, Richard D. Bardgett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

214 Scopus citations

Abstract

Soils deliver several ecosystem services including carbon sequestration and nutrient cycling, which are of central importance to climate mitigation and sustainable food production. Soil biota play an important role in carbon and nitrogen cycling, and, although the effects of land use on soil food webs are well documented, the consequences for their resistance and resilience to climate change are not known. We compared the resistance and resilience to drought-which is predicted to increase under climate change-of soil food webs of two common land-use systems: intensively managed wheat with a bacterial-based soil food web and extensively managed grassland with a fungal-based soil food web. We found that the fungal-based food web, and the processes of C and N loss it governs, of grassland soil was more resistant, although not resilient, and better able to adapt to drought than the bacterial-based food web of wheat soil. Structural equation modelling revealed that fungal-based soil food webs and greater microbial evenness mitigated C and N loss. Our findings show that land use strongly affects the resistance and resilience of soil food webs to climate change, and that extensively managed grassland promotes more resistant, and adaptable, fungal-based soil food webs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)276-280
Number of pages5
JournalNature Climate Change
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

De Vries, F. T., Liiri, M. E., Bjørnlund, L., Bowker, M. A., Christensen, S., Setälä, H. M., & Bardgett, R. D. (2012). Land use alters the resistance and resilience of soil food webs to drought. Nature Climate Change, 2(4), 276-280. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1368