Investigation of the origin of the sequence selectivity for the 5-halo- 2'-deoxyuridine sensitization of DNA to damage by UV-irradiation

Tongqian Chen, Gary P. Cook, Andrew T. Koppisch, Marc M. Greenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A contrathermodynamic sequence selectivity (5'-deoxyadenosine > 5'- deoxyguanosine) for UV-irradiation-induced strand damage in duplex DNA containing 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine was reported several years ago (Saito, I.; Sugiyama, H. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1990, 112, 6720.). In contrast, much smaller sequence selectivity was observed for similar duplexes containing 5-iodo-2'- deoxyuridine. We investigated the mechanism of UV-irradiation-induced cleavage of duplex DNA containing 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (1, BrdU) and 5- iodo-2'-deoxyuridine (2, IdU) under anaerobic conditions using a variety of structural probes. The preference for UV-induced cleavage in 5'-dABrdU sequences is a confluence of at least three factors, photoinduced forward electron transfer, charge recombination, and electron migration within the DNA duplex. Our results also indicate that UV-irradiation of duplexes (32 nucleotides long) containing 5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine results in strand scission involving initial photoinduced single electron transfer. The selectivity for 5'-dAIdU sequences is smaller than that in the analogous 5- bromo-2'-deoxyuridine duplexes and may be the result of faster dehalogenation of the initially formed 5-halopyrimidine radical anion and/or competitive direct carbon-iodine bond homolysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3861-3866
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume122
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 26 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Deoxyuridine
Bromodeoxyuridine
Idoxuridine
DNA Damage
DNA
Irradiation
Electrons
Dehalogenation
Nucleotides
Iodine
DNA Cleavage
Charge transfer
Negative ions
Genetic Recombination
Anions
Carbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Investigation of the origin of the sequence selectivity for the 5-halo- 2'-deoxyuridine sensitization of DNA to damage by UV-irradiation. / Chen, Tongqian; Cook, Gary P.; Koppisch, Andrew T.; Greenberg, Marc M.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 122, No. 16, 26.04.2000, p. 3861-3866.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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