Interdecadal patterns of total sediment yield from a montane catchment, southern Coast Mountains, British Columbia, Canada

Erik K Schiefer, Marwan A. Hassan, Brian Menounos, Channa P. Pelpola, Olav Slaymaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We reconstruct sediment yield for a mountain watershed of western Canada since the mid-twentieth century from studies of annually laminated lake sediments, delta progradation, and solute transfer. Total yield averaged 320±40Mgkm-2a-1 and comprised ~35% suspended load, 50% bedload, and 15% dissolved load. Ratios between the individual yield components varied approximately threefold at interannual timescales because of significant variability in the suspended and bedload fractions. Asynchronous flux in suspended and bedload fractions through time arise from differences in sediment availability and transitory sediment storage in the channel. Periods of elevated yield coincide with rapid glacier recession, an extreme rainstorm, and a landslide. Our results indicate that in montane environments, extrapolation from even decade-long monitoring programs may lead to biased projections of long-term yield and delivery mode proportions if variations in sediment supply and catchment response to hydroclimatic and geomorphic controls are not considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-212
Number of pages6
JournalGeomorphology
Volume118
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

Fingerprint

sediment yield
bedload
catchment
mountain
coast
sediment
dissolved load
mountain environment
suspended load
rainstorm
progradation
twentieth century
lacustrine deposit
solute
landslide
glacier
watershed
timescale
monitoring

Keywords

  • Bedload
  • British Columbia
  • Coast Mountains
  • Dissolved load
  • Sediment yield
  • Suspended load

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Interdecadal patterns of total sediment yield from a montane catchment, southern Coast Mountains, British Columbia, Canada. / Schiefer, Erik K; Hassan, Marwan A.; Menounos, Brian; Pelpola, Channa P.; Slaymaker, Olav.

In: Geomorphology, Vol. 118, No. 1-2, 05.2010, p. 207-212.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schiefer, Erik K ; Hassan, Marwan A. ; Menounos, Brian ; Pelpola, Channa P. ; Slaymaker, Olav. / Interdecadal patterns of total sediment yield from a montane catchment, southern Coast Mountains, British Columbia, Canada. In: Geomorphology. 2010 ; Vol. 118, No. 1-2. pp. 207-212.
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