Interactive influence of light intensity and soil fertility on root-associated arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

Guoxi Shi, Yongjun Liu, Nancy Johnson, Pål Axel Olsson, Lin Mao, Gang Cheng, Shengjing Jiang, Lizhe An, Guozhen Du, Huyuan Feng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and aims: Soil nutrients and light have major effects on the economics of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbioses. This study tests the main and interactive effects of soil fertility and light on AM fungal community. Methods: We conducted a 3 year mesocosm experiment with a full two factorial design: light (full light or shade) and soil fertility (unfertilized or fertilized), on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Plant traits, soil characteristics and the AM fungal communities inside roots and in soils were measured. Results: Shade reduced AM colonization of roots, fertilization reduced the hyphal abundance in the soil, and both factors reduced species richness of AM fungi inside plant roots. Fertilization exacerbated the negative impacts of shade on AM fungal abundance and diversity. We observed 15 phylotypes of AM fungi inside roots and ten morphotypes of AM fungal spores in the soil. Taxa responded differently to shade and fertilization and there was little congruence between the responses of fungi inside the roots and in the spore community. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that both shade and fertilization reduce the abundance of AM fungi, but the two factors have different effects on the quality of plant roots as habitat for AM fungi.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-188
Number of pages16
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume378
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Keywords

  • Functional equilibrium
  • Light
  • Mesocosm
  • Soil fertility
  • Soil fungi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Shi, G., Liu, Y., Johnson, N., Olsson, P. A., Mao, L., Cheng, G., Jiang, S., An, L., Du, G., & Feng, H. (2014). Interactive influence of light intensity and soil fertility on root-associated arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Plant and Soil, 378(1-2), 173-188. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-014-2022-z