Interactions between multiple fungi isolated from two bark beetles, Dendroctonus brevicomis and D. frontalis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

Thomas S Davis, Richard Hofstetter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Antagonism between the fungal symbionts of bark beetles may represent a biologically significant interaction when multiple beetle species co-occur in a host tree. Since high density bark beetle populations rapidly and dramatically shift forest characteristics, patterns of competition between the obligate fungal associates of sympatric bark beetle species may have broad ecological effects. Primary and competitive resource acquisition between allopatric and sympatric isolates of mutualist fungi associated with the bark beetles Dendroctonus frontalis andDendroctonus brevicomis were investigated. Growth assays at multiple temperatures suggest that primary resource acquisition by fungi growing in the absence of competitors varies regionally, and that optimal growth rate is likely to correspond to average summertime maximum temperatures. In competition assays, interactions were asymmetric between fungi isolated from sympatric beetle populations and fungi isolated from allopatric beetle populations: sympatric isolates out-competed allopatric isolates. However, competition between fungi from beetle populations in sympatry was found to be equal. These studies are the first to investigate interactions between the mycangial fungi of multipleDendroctonus species, and the results suggest that competition is likely to occur when the mycangial fungi of multiple beetle species occur together
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-126
JournalJournal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Volume1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

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Dendroctonus brevicomis
Dendroctonus frontalis
bark beetles
Curculionidae
Coleoptera
fungi
sympatry
assays
symbionts
temperature

Cite this

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title = "Interactions between multiple fungi isolated from two bark beetles, Dendroctonus brevicomis and D. frontalis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)",
abstract = "Antagonism between the fungal symbionts of bark beetles may represent a biologically significant interaction when multiple beetle species co-occur in a host tree. Since high density bark beetle populations rapidly and dramatically shift forest characteristics, patterns of competition between the obligate fungal associates of sympatric bark beetle species may have broad ecological effects. Primary and competitive resource acquisition between allopatric and sympatric isolates of mutualist fungi associated with the bark beetles Dendroctonus frontalis andDendroctonus brevicomis were investigated. Growth assays at multiple temperatures suggest that primary resource acquisition by fungi growing in the absence of competitors varies regionally, and that optimal growth rate is likely to correspond to average summertime maximum temperatures. In competition assays, interactions were asymmetric between fungi isolated from sympatric beetle populations and fungi isolated from allopatric beetle populations: sympatric isolates out-competed allopatric isolates. However, competition between fungi from beetle populations in sympatry was found to be equal. These studies are the first to investigate interactions between the mycangial fungi of multipleDendroctonus species, and the results suggest that competition is likely to occur when the mycangial fungi of multiple beetle species occur together",
author = "Davis, {Thomas S} and Richard Hofstetter",
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T1 - Interactions between multiple fungi isolated from two bark beetles, Dendroctonus brevicomis and D. frontalis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

AU - Davis, Thomas S

AU - Hofstetter, Richard

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Antagonism between the fungal symbionts of bark beetles may represent a biologically significant interaction when multiple beetle species co-occur in a host tree. Since high density bark beetle populations rapidly and dramatically shift forest characteristics, patterns of competition between the obligate fungal associates of sympatric bark beetle species may have broad ecological effects. Primary and competitive resource acquisition between allopatric and sympatric isolates of mutualist fungi associated with the bark beetles Dendroctonus frontalis andDendroctonus brevicomis were investigated. Growth assays at multiple temperatures suggest that primary resource acquisition by fungi growing in the absence of competitors varies regionally, and that optimal growth rate is likely to correspond to average summertime maximum temperatures. In competition assays, interactions were asymmetric between fungi isolated from sympatric beetle populations and fungi isolated from allopatric beetle populations: sympatric isolates out-competed allopatric isolates. However, competition between fungi from beetle populations in sympatry was found to be equal. These studies are the first to investigate interactions between the mycangial fungi of multipleDendroctonus species, and the results suggest that competition is likely to occur when the mycangial fungi of multiple beetle species occur together

AB - Antagonism between the fungal symbionts of bark beetles may represent a biologically significant interaction when multiple beetle species co-occur in a host tree. Since high density bark beetle populations rapidly and dramatically shift forest characteristics, patterns of competition between the obligate fungal associates of sympatric bark beetle species may have broad ecological effects. Primary and competitive resource acquisition between allopatric and sympatric isolates of mutualist fungi associated with the bark beetles Dendroctonus frontalis andDendroctonus brevicomis were investigated. Growth assays at multiple temperatures suggest that primary resource acquisition by fungi growing in the absence of competitors varies regionally, and that optimal growth rate is likely to correspond to average summertime maximum temperatures. In competition assays, interactions were asymmetric between fungi isolated from sympatric beetle populations and fungi isolated from allopatric beetle populations: sympatric isolates out-competed allopatric isolates. However, competition between fungi from beetle populations in sympatry was found to be equal. These studies are the first to investigate interactions between the mycangial fungi of multipleDendroctonus species, and the results suggest that competition is likely to occur when the mycangial fungi of multiple beetle species occur together

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