Interactions between aboveground herbivores and the mycorrhizal mutualists of plants

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145 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plant growth, reproduction and survival can be affected both by mycorrhizal fungi and aboveground herbivores, but few studies have examined the interactive effects of these factors on plants. Most of the available data suggest that severe herbivory reduces root colonization by vesicular-arbuscular and ectomycorrhizal fungi. However, the reverse interaction has also been documented - mycorrhizal fungi deter herbivores and interact with fungal endophytes to influence herbivory. Although consistent patterns and mechanistic explanations are yet to emerge, it is likely that aboveground herbivore-mycorrhiza interactions have important implications for plant populations and communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-255
Number of pages5
JournalTrends in Ecology and Evolution
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

Fingerprint

herbivore
herbivores
fungus
herbivory
root colonization
endophyte
mycorrhiza
mycorrhizal fungi
plant community
endophytes
mycorrhizae
plant growth
fungi
effect
plant population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Plant growth, reproduction and survival can be affected both by mycorrhizal fungi and aboveground herbivores, but few studies have examined the interactive effects of these factors on plants. Most of the available data suggest that severe herbivory reduces root colonization by vesicular-arbuscular and ectomycorrhizal fungi. However, the reverse interaction has also been documented - mycorrhizal fungi deter herbivores and interact with fungal endophytes to influence herbivory. Although consistent patterns and mechanistic explanations are yet to emerge, it is likely that aboveground herbivore-mycorrhiza interactions have important implications for plant populations and communities.",
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AB - Plant growth, reproduction and survival can be affected both by mycorrhizal fungi and aboveground herbivores, but few studies have examined the interactive effects of these factors on plants. Most of the available data suggest that severe herbivory reduces root colonization by vesicular-arbuscular and ectomycorrhizal fungi. However, the reverse interaction has also been documented - mycorrhizal fungi deter herbivores and interact with fungal endophytes to influence herbivory. Although consistent patterns and mechanistic explanations are yet to emerge, it is likely that aboveground herbivore-mycorrhiza interactions have important implications for plant populations and communities.

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