Interaction of flooding and salinity stress on baldcypress (Taxodium distichum)

James A. Allen, S. Reza Pezeshki, Jim L. Chambers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coastal wetlands of the southeastern United States are threatened by increases in flooding and salinity as a result of both natural processes and man-induced hydrologic alterations. Furthermore, global climate change scenarios suggest that, as a consequence of rising sea levels, much larger areas of coastal wetlands may be affected by flooding and salinity in the next 50 to 100 years. In this paper, we review studies designed to improve our ability to predict and ameliorate the impacts of increased flooding and salinity stress on baldcypress (Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich.), which is a dominant species of many coastal forested wetlands. Specifically, we review studies on species-level responses to flooding and salinity stress, alone and in combination, we summarize two studies on intraspecific variation in response to flooding and salinity stress, we analyze the physiological mechanisms thought to be responsible for the interaction between flooding and salinity stress, and we discuss the implications for coastal wetland loss and the prospects for developing salt-tolerant lines of baldcypress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-313
Number of pages7
JournalTree Physiology
Volume16
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Multiple stress
  • Salt tolerance
  • Stress interaction
  • Waterlogging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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