Individual differences in planning behavior and working memory: A study of the Tower of London

Steven Pulos, Gypsy Denzine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


The relation between individual differences in working memory and performance on the Tower of London (TOL) was investigated under conditions of minimum constraints. On-line planning is likely to occur under such conditions. Measures of verbal and visuo-spatial working memory were administered along with two measures of task-switching executive control. The tasks were individually administered to 51 normal adults. While all participants developed a solution plan for the TOL, variation was observed in the solution time and the number of excess-moves. The number of excess-moves and solution times were unrelated. Both verbal and visuo-spatial working memory were related to the solution time, but not to the number of excess moves. Performance on the task-switching executives was not related to either the TOL or working memory tasks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-104
Number of pages6
JournalIndividual Differences Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2005


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Biological Psychiatry

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