Indirect herbivore mediation of avian seed dispersal in pinyon pine

K. M. Christensen, Thomas G Whitham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Colorado pinyon pine Pinus edulis suffered reduced cone initiation and increased cone mortality primarily from infestation by the stem- and cone-boring moth Dioryctria albovitella. Because avian dispersal agents, eg Clark's nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana and pinyon jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus, selectively foraged where cone crops were highest, individual trees and stands of trees with greater insect abundances were avoided. Even herbivore-resistant trees with substantial cone crops did not receive dispersal services if they were surrounded by susceptible trees. Masting, the production of large cone crops at irregular intervals, may have evolved to insure dispersal success. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)534-542
Number of pages9
JournalEcology
Volume72
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1991

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seed cones
seed dispersal
herbivore
herbivores
Pinus
crop
masting
Dioryctria
crops
boring
Pinus edulis
moth
stem
insect
mortality
moths
insects
stems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology

Cite this

Indirect herbivore mediation of avian seed dispersal in pinyon pine. / Christensen, K. M.; Whitham, Thomas G.

In: Ecology, Vol. 72, No. 2, 1991, p. 534-542.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Christensen, K. M. ; Whitham, Thomas G. / Indirect herbivore mediation of avian seed dispersal in pinyon pine. In: Ecology. 1991 ; Vol. 72, No. 2. pp. 534-542.
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