Improved cardiovascular risk among Hispanic border participants of the M Corazón Mi Comunidad Promotores de Salud Model: The HEART II cohort intervention study 2009-2013

Hendrik Dirk de Heer, Hector G. Balcazar, Sherrie Wise, Alisha H. Redelfs, E. Lee Rosentha, Maria O. Duarte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Community resources (parks, recreational facilities) provide opportunities for health promotion, but little is known about how to promote utilization of theseresources and their impact on cardiovascular disease risk (CVD). Methods: This cohort study evaluated the impact of an intervention called Mi Corazon MiComunidad (MiCMiC), which consisted of promoting use of community physical activityand nutrition resources by Promotoras de Salud/Community HealthWorkers. Participants were assessed at baseline and following the 4-month intervention. Attendance recordswere objectively collected to assess utilization of intervention programing. Results: A total of five consecutive cohorts were recruited between 2009 and 2013. Participants were mostly females (86.0%), on average 46.6 years old, and 81% were low in acculturation. Participants who completed follow-up (n=413) showed significant improvements in reported health behaviors and body composition. Higher attendance significantly predicted greater improvements. The baseline to 4-month change for the highest vs. the lowest attendance quartiles were for weight (5.2 vs.+0.01 lbs, p>0.001), waist circumference (1.20 vs. 0.56 inches, p=0.047), hip circumference (1.13 vs. 0.41 inches, p>0.001); hours of exercise/week (+3.87 vs. +0.81 hours, p>0.001), proportion of participants eating five servings of fruits and vegetables/day (+54.7 vs. 14.7%, p>0.001). Conclusion: Following the Promotora-led MiCMiC intervention, substantial improve-ments in health behaviors and modest improvements in cardiovascular risk factors were found. Greater utilization of community resources was associated with more favorable changes. This study provided preliminary evidence for the effectiveness of Promotora-led interventions for promoting use of existing community resources in CVD risk reduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number149
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Volume3
Issue numberJUN
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 2015

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cohort
  • Community health workers
  • Community resources
  • Hispanic
  • Parks and recreation
  • U.S.-mexico border

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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