Impact of binge alcohol intoxication on the humoral immune response during burkholderia spp. Infections

Ryan M. Moreno, Victor Jimenez, Fernando P. Monroy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis can occur in healthy humans, yet binge alcohol use is progressively being recognized as a major risk factor. Currently, no experimental studies have investigated the effects of binge alcohol on the adaptive immune system during an active infection. In this study, we used B. thailandensis and B. vietnamiensis, to investigate the impact of a single binge alcohol episode on the humoral response during infection. Eight-week-old female C57BL/6 mice were administered alcohol comparable to human binge drinking (4.4 g/kg) or PBS intraperitoneally 30 min before intranasal infection. Mice infected with B. thailandensis had a 100% survival rate, while those infected with B. vietnamiensis had a 33% survivability rate when a binge alcohol dose was administered. B. thailandensis was detected in blood of mice administered alcohol at only 7 days post infection (PI), while those infected with B. vietnamiensis and receiving alcohol were found throughout the 28-day infection as well as in tissues at day 28 PI. Binge alcohol elevated IgM and delayed IgG specific to the whole cell lysate (WCL) of B. vietnamiensis but not B. thailandensis infections. Differences in immunogenicity of B. pseudomallei near-neighbors provide a framework for novel insights into the effects of binge alcohol’s suppression of the humoral immune response that can cause opportunistic infections in otherwise healthy hosts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number125
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

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Keywords

  • Adaptive immune system
  • Alcohol
  • Antibodies
  • Binge alcohol
  • Burkholderia
  • Humoral
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Melioidosis
  • Virulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Virology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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