How long does it take to supersize an eruption

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A long-recognized correlation between the volume of major eruptions and the time interval between them suggests that magma may accumulate for about a million years before a supereruption. However, radiometric ages and time-dependent phenomena like crystal growth and compositional homogenization show that the duration of supervolcano magma accumulation could be significantly shorter than this. Crystals in supervolcano magmas may have protracted growth histories and may grow from chemically different hosts as crystallization progresses. Semisolid crystal mushes rather than liquid-rich magma chambers may be the prevalent state of supervolcano feeder systems and should be the focus of geophysical studies aimed at predicting future supereruptions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-28
Number of pages6
JournalElements
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

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Crystallization
volcanic eruption
crystal
Crystals
magma
magma chamber
Liquids
crystallization
liquid
history

Keywords

  • Calderas
  • Explosive volcanism
  • Geochronology
  • Kinetics
  • Magmatic processes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

How long does it take to supersize an eruption. / Reid, Mary.

In: Elements, Vol. 4, No. 1, 02.2008, p. 23-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reid, Mary. / How long does it take to supersize an eruption. In: Elements. 2008 ; Vol. 4, No. 1. pp. 23-28.
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