Hmong Mental Health Needs Assessment

A Community-Based Partnership in a Small Mid-Western Community

Ann D Collier, Martha Munger, Yong Kay Moua

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The overall goal of this assessment was to verify the mental health needs of Hmong living in a mid-west community in order clarify the format, content, and feasibility of providing mental health services for Hmong in the future. Using a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) model, we held four focus groups with 36 men, women, adolescents and professionals, all of Hmong descent, as well as interviewed 28 individual medical, mental health, education, and social service providers in the Eau Claire community. Our Hmong sample was frequently unclear about what "mental" health meant, indicating a low level of mental health literacy. Results confirmed that there are significant mental health needs in this refugee and immigrant population. Participants described problems consistent with depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders, and severe social stress and acculturation difficulties in every generation. Elder people and male adolescents were described as the most disaffected and in need of immediate services. It will be critical to address mental health literacy before designing future interventions. Treatment suggestions were provided with the intention of removing barriers and incorporating culturally sensitive methodologies, while continuing to work closely with our local mental health providers and Hmong leadership.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-86
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
Volume49
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Needs Assessment
Mental Health
mental health
community
Health Literacy
Mental Health Services
Community-Based Participatory Research
Acculturation
Somatoform Disorders
Refugees
literacy
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
adolescent
Anxiety Disorders
Focus Groups
Social Work
Health Education
Health Status
posttraumatic stress disorder
acculturation

Keywords

  • Community-based participatory research
  • Hmong
  • Immigrants
  • Mental health
  • Mental health literacy
  • Under-served populations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Applied Psychology
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Hmong Mental Health Needs Assessment : A Community-Based Partnership in a Small Mid-Western Community. / Collier, Ann D; Munger, Martha; Moua, Yong Kay.

In: American Journal of Community Psychology, Vol. 49, No. 1-2, 03.2012, p. 73-86.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2124ecbe8253431f94a1cf21134fee44,
title = "Hmong Mental Health Needs Assessment: A Community-Based Partnership in a Small Mid-Western Community",
abstract = "The overall goal of this assessment was to verify the mental health needs of Hmong living in a mid-west community in order clarify the format, content, and feasibility of providing mental health services for Hmong in the future. Using a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) model, we held four focus groups with 36 men, women, adolescents and professionals, all of Hmong descent, as well as interviewed 28 individual medical, mental health, education, and social service providers in the Eau Claire community. Our Hmong sample was frequently unclear about what {"}mental{"} health meant, indicating a low level of mental health literacy. Results confirmed that there are significant mental health needs in this refugee and immigrant population. Participants described problems consistent with depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders, and severe social stress and acculturation difficulties in every generation. Elder people and male adolescents were described as the most disaffected and in need of immediate services. It will be critical to address mental health literacy before designing future interventions. Treatment suggestions were provided with the intention of removing barriers and incorporating culturally sensitive methodologies, while continuing to work closely with our local mental health providers and Hmong leadership.",
keywords = "Community-based participatory research, Hmong, Immigrants, Mental health, Mental health literacy, Under-served populations",
author = "Collier, {Ann D} and Martha Munger and Moua, {Yong Kay}",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/s10464-011-9436-z",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "73--86",
journal = "American Journal of Community Psychology",
issn = "0091-0562",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hmong Mental Health Needs Assessment

T2 - A Community-Based Partnership in a Small Mid-Western Community

AU - Collier, Ann D

AU - Munger, Martha

AU - Moua, Yong Kay

PY - 2012/3

Y1 - 2012/3

N2 - The overall goal of this assessment was to verify the mental health needs of Hmong living in a mid-west community in order clarify the format, content, and feasibility of providing mental health services for Hmong in the future. Using a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) model, we held four focus groups with 36 men, women, adolescents and professionals, all of Hmong descent, as well as interviewed 28 individual medical, mental health, education, and social service providers in the Eau Claire community. Our Hmong sample was frequently unclear about what "mental" health meant, indicating a low level of mental health literacy. Results confirmed that there are significant mental health needs in this refugee and immigrant population. Participants described problems consistent with depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders, and severe social stress and acculturation difficulties in every generation. Elder people and male adolescents were described as the most disaffected and in need of immediate services. It will be critical to address mental health literacy before designing future interventions. Treatment suggestions were provided with the intention of removing barriers and incorporating culturally sensitive methodologies, while continuing to work closely with our local mental health providers and Hmong leadership.

AB - The overall goal of this assessment was to verify the mental health needs of Hmong living in a mid-west community in order clarify the format, content, and feasibility of providing mental health services for Hmong in the future. Using a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) model, we held four focus groups with 36 men, women, adolescents and professionals, all of Hmong descent, as well as interviewed 28 individual medical, mental health, education, and social service providers in the Eau Claire community. Our Hmong sample was frequently unclear about what "mental" health meant, indicating a low level of mental health literacy. Results confirmed that there are significant mental health needs in this refugee and immigrant population. Participants described problems consistent with depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders, and severe social stress and acculturation difficulties in every generation. Elder people and male adolescents were described as the most disaffected and in need of immediate services. It will be critical to address mental health literacy before designing future interventions. Treatment suggestions were provided with the intention of removing barriers and incorporating culturally sensitive methodologies, while continuing to work closely with our local mental health providers and Hmong leadership.

KW - Community-based participatory research

KW - Hmong

KW - Immigrants

KW - Mental health

KW - Mental health literacy

KW - Under-served populations

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84856639688&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84856639688&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10464-011-9436-z

DO - 10.1007/s10464-011-9436-z

M3 - Article

VL - 49

SP - 73

EP - 86

JO - American Journal of Community Psychology

JF - American Journal of Community Psychology

SN - 0091-0562

IS - 1-2

ER -