High-resolution imaging of the dust disk around 49 Ceti

Z. Wahhaj, D. W. Koerner, A. I. Sargent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Subarcsecond scale Keck images of the young A1 V star, 49 Ceti, resolve emission at λ= 12.5 and 17.9 μm from a disk with long axis at position angle (P.A.) 125° ± 10° and inclination φ = 60° ± 15°. At 17.9 μm, the emission is brighter and more extended toward the northwest (NW) than the southeast (SE). Modeling of the mid-infrared images combined with flux densities from the literature indicate that the bulk of the mid-infrared emission comes from very small grains (a ∼ 0.1 μm) confined between 30 and 60 AU from the star. This population of dust grains contributes negligibly to the significant excess observed in the spectral energy distribution. Most of the nonphotospheric energy is radiated at longer wavelengths by an outer disk of larger grains (a ∼ 15 μm), inner radius ∼60 AU, and outer radius ∼900 AU. Global properties of the 49 Cet disk show more affinity with the β Pic and HR 4796A disks than with other debris disks. This may be because they are all very young (t < 20 Myr), adding strength to the argument that they are transitional objects between Herbig Ae and "Vega-like" A stars with more tenuous circumstellar disks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)368-373
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume661
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - May 20 2007

Keywords

  • Circumstellar matter
  • Infrared: stars
  • Planetary systems: formation
  • Planetary systems: protoplanetary disks
  • Solar system: formation
  • Stars: individual (49 Ceti)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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