Groundwater dependent ecosystems

Classification, identification techniques and threats

Derek Eamus, Baihua Fu, Abraham E Springer, Lawrence E. Stevens

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter begins by briefly discussing the three major classes of groundwater dependent ecosystems (GDEs), namely: (I) GDEs that reside within groundwater (e.g. karsts; stygofauna); (II) GDEs requiring the surface expression of groundwater (e.g. springs; wetlands); and (III) GDEs dependent upon sub-surface availability of groundwater within the rooting depth of vegetation (e.g. woodlands; riparian forests). We then discuss a range of techniques available for identifying the location of GDEs in a landscape, with a primary focus of class III GDEs and a secondary focus of class II GDEs. These techniques include inferential methodologies, using hydrological, geochemical and geomorphological indicators, biotic assemblages, historical documentation, and remote sensing methodologies. Techniques available to quantify groundwater use by GDEs are briefly described, including application of simple modelling tools, remote sensing methods and complex modelling applications. This chapter also outlines the contemporary threats to the persistence of GDEs across the world. This involves a description of the “natural” hydrological attributes relevant to GDEs and theprocesses that lead to disturbances to natural hydrological attributes as a result of human activities (e.g. groundwater extraction). Two cases studies, (1) Class III: terrestrial vegetation and (2) Class II: springs, are discussed in relation to these issues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIntegrated Groundwater Management: Concepts, Approaches and Challenges
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages313-346
Number of pages34
ISBN (Electronic)9783319235769
ISBN (Print)9783319235752
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

groundwater
ecosystem
Ecosystem
Ground water
Threat
remote sensing
methodology
riparian forest
vegetation
rooting
modeling
karst
woodland
human activity
persistence
wetland
disturbance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)

Cite this

Eamus, D., Fu, B., Springer, A. E., & Stevens, L. E. (2016). Groundwater dependent ecosystems: Classification, identification techniques and threats. In Integrated Groundwater Management: Concepts, Approaches and Challenges (pp. 313-346). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23576-9_13

Groundwater dependent ecosystems : Classification, identification techniques and threats. / Eamus, Derek; Fu, Baihua; Springer, Abraham E; Stevens, Lawrence E.

Integrated Groundwater Management: Concepts, Approaches and Challenges. Springer International Publishing, 2016. p. 313-346.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Eamus, D, Fu, B, Springer, AE & Stevens, LE 2016, Groundwater dependent ecosystems: Classification, identification techniques and threats. in Integrated Groundwater Management: Concepts, Approaches and Challenges. Springer International Publishing, pp. 313-346. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23576-9_13
Eamus D, Fu B, Springer AE, Stevens LE. Groundwater dependent ecosystems: Classification, identification techniques and threats. In Integrated Groundwater Management: Concepts, Approaches and Challenges. Springer International Publishing. 2016. p. 313-346 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23576-9_13
Eamus, Derek ; Fu, Baihua ; Springer, Abraham E ; Stevens, Lawrence E. / Groundwater dependent ecosystems : Classification, identification techniques and threats. Integrated Groundwater Management: Concepts, Approaches and Challenges. Springer International Publishing, 2016. pp. 313-346
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