Greater ecosystem carbon in the Mojave Desert after ten years exposure to elevated CO 2

R. D. Evans, A. Koyama, Derek L Sonderegger, T. N. Charlet, B. A. Newingham, L. F. Fenstermaker, B. Harlow, V. L. Jin, K. Ogle, S. D. Smith, R. S. Nowak

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Abstract

Carbon dioxide is the main greenhouse gas inducing climate change. Increased global CO 2 emissions, estimated at 8.4 Pg C yr a ̂'1 at present, have accelerated from 1% yr a ̂'1 during 1990-1999 to 2.5% yr a ̂'1 during 2000-2009 (ref.). The carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems is the greatest unknown in the global C budget because the actual magnitude, location and causes of terrestrial sinks are uncertain; estimates of terrestrial C uptake, therefore, are often based on the residuals between direct measurements of the atmospheric sink and well-constrained models of ocean uptake of CO 2 (ref.). Here we report significant terrestrial C accumulation caused by CO 2 enhancement to net ecosystem productivity in an intact, undisturbed arid ecosystem following ten years of exposure to elevated atmospheric CO 2. Results provide direct evidence that CO 2 fertilization substantially increases ecosystem C storage and that arid ecosystems are significant, previously unrecognized, sinks for atmospheric CO 2 that must be accounted for in efforts to constrain terrestrial and global C cycles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)394-397
Number of pages4
JournalNature Climate Change
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Evans, R. D., Koyama, A., Sonderegger, D. L., Charlet, T. N., Newingham, B. A., Fenstermaker, L. F., Harlow, B., Jin, V. L., Ogle, K., Smith, S. D., & Nowak, R. S. (2014). Greater ecosystem carbon in the Mojave Desert after ten years exposure to elevated CO 2. Nature Climate Change, 4(5), 394-397. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2184