Gait kinematics and kinetics of 7-year-old children: A comparison to adults using age-specific anthropometric data

Kathleen J. Ganley, Christopher M. Powers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if sagittal plane gait kinematics and kinetics of 7-year-old children differed from those of adults when age-specific anthropometrics were used in the calculations. Joint angles, moments, and power obtained during level walking in 7-year-old children (n = 15) were compared to data from adults (n = 15). Calculations were performed using age-specific anthropometric data obtained from dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. For most of the variables examined, 7-year-olds were similar to adults, however children demonstrated a diminished peak plantarflexor moment and less peak power absorption and generation at the ankle during late stance. These results provide support for the hypothesis that children lack the neuromuscular maturity, especially at the ankle, to produce an adult-like gait pattern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-145
Number of pages5
JournalGait and Posture
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anthropometry
  • Gait
  • Kinematics
  • Kinetics
  • Pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

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