From hunting magic to shamanism: Interpretations of native american rock art and the contemporary crisis in masculinity

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3 Scopus citations


This essay examines two prominent models for the interpretation of Native American rock art, highlighting projections of Euro-American gender ideologies and tensions over masculinity onto (pre)historic cultures. Specifically, the figure of the Native American shaman models masculine power as symbolic and spiritual, not physical, yet linked to a virile heterosexuality. By identifying discursive homologies, this centering of a primitive, spiritual masculinity is understood as a response to the Euro-American “crisis of masculinity.”

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-110
Number of pages33
JournalWomen's Studies in Communication
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2007



  • Gender
  • Homology
  • Masculinity
  • Native American culture
  • Primitive
  • Rock art
  • Shamanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Communication

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