First confirmation of Pseudogymnoascus destructans in British bats and hibernacula

A. M. Barlow, L. Worledge, H. Miller, K. P. Drees, P. Wright, Jeffrey T Foster, C. Sobek, A. M. Borman, M. Fraser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

White-nose syndrome (WNS) is a fatal fungal infection of bats in North America caused by Pseudogymnoascus destructans. P. destructans has been confirmed in Continental Europe but not associated with mass mortality. Its presence in Great Britain was unknown. Opportunistic sampling of bats in GB began during the winter of 2009. Any dead bats or samples from live bats with visible fungal growths were submitted to the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency for culture. Active surveillance by targeted environmental sampling of hibernacula was carried out during the winter of 2012/2013. Six hibernacula were selected by their proximity to Continental Europe. Five samples, a combination of surface swabs or sediment samples, were collected. These were sent to the Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics, Northern Arizona University, for P. destructans PCR. Fortyeight incidents were investigated between March 2009 and July 2013. They consisted of 46 bat carcases and 31 other samples. A suspected P. destructans isolate was cultured from a live Daubenton's bat (Myotis daubentonii) sampled in February 2013. This isolate was confirmed by the Mycology Reference Laboratory, Bristol (Public Health England), as P. destructans. A variety of fungi were isolated from the rest but all were considered to be saprophytic or incidental. P. destructans was also confirmed by the Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics in five of the six sites surveyed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73
Number of pages1
JournalVeterinary Record
Volume177
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 18 2015

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hibernation
Chiroptera
Microbial Genetics
microbial genetics
Genomics
sampling
Mycology
genomics
mycology
Myotis
Mycoses
winter
Environmental Monitoring
North America
Nose
animal health
England
microbial growth
Pseudogymnoascus destructans
public health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Barlow, A. M., Worledge, L., Miller, H., Drees, K. P., Wright, P., Foster, J. T., ... Fraser, M. (2015). First confirmation of Pseudogymnoascus destructans in British bats and hibernacula. Veterinary Record, 177(3), 73. https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.102923

First confirmation of Pseudogymnoascus destructans in British bats and hibernacula. / Barlow, A. M.; Worledge, L.; Miller, H.; Drees, K. P.; Wright, P.; Foster, Jeffrey T; Sobek, C.; Borman, A. M.; Fraser, M.

In: Veterinary Record, Vol. 177, No. 3, 18.07.2015, p. 73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barlow, AM, Worledge, L, Miller, H, Drees, KP, Wright, P, Foster, JT, Sobek, C, Borman, AM & Fraser, M 2015, 'First confirmation of Pseudogymnoascus destructans in British bats and hibernacula', Veterinary Record, vol. 177, no. 3, pp. 73. https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.102923
Barlow, A. M. ; Worledge, L. ; Miller, H. ; Drees, K. P. ; Wright, P. ; Foster, Jeffrey T ; Sobek, C. ; Borman, A. M. ; Fraser, M. / First confirmation of Pseudogymnoascus destructans in British bats and hibernacula. In: Veterinary Record. 2015 ; Vol. 177, No. 3. pp. 73.
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