Factors contributing to retention of not-in-treatment drug users in an HIV/AIDS outreach prevention project

J. A. Baldwin, A. M. Bowen, Robert T Trotter II

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies have attempted to identify the characteristics of substance- abusing clients that are related to premature termination from alcohol and drag treatment. Few studies, however, have looked at predictors of loss to follow-up among drug users participating in HIV/AIDS prevention projects. This paper develops and tests models of program retention employing data from approximately 250 not-in-treatment drug users enrolled in an outreach based HIV risk reduction program. Logistic regression was used to fit a model which included measures of: (1) demographic characteristics including: age and ethnicity; (2) social environmental factors including: living situation and type of network connection; (3) risk behaviors including: composite scores for drug use in the past 30 days and history of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and (4) program factors including: outreach workers' knowledge of clients and number of intervention sessions received. Findings suggest that social environmental and program factors are most predictive of client retention in the program. Implications for ways in which to monitor retention of out-of-treatment drug users participating in AIDS prevention programs are addressed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-35
Number of pages17
JournalDrugs and Society
Volume9
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Drug Users
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS
HIV
drug
Risk Reduction Behavior
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Risk-Taking
Therapeutics
Logistic Models
Alcohols
Demography
sexually transmitted disease
risk behavior
Pharmaceutical Preparations
drug use
environmental factors
ethnicity
logistics
alcohol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Factors contributing to retention of not-in-treatment drug users in an HIV/AIDS outreach prevention project. / Baldwin, J. A.; Bowen, A. M.; Trotter II, Robert T.

In: Drugs and Society, Vol. 9, No. 1-2, 1996, p. 19-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{46fc9e7fad1542f0913a7a9989552750,
title = "Factors contributing to retention of not-in-treatment drug users in an HIV/AIDS outreach prevention project",
abstract = "Studies have attempted to identify the characteristics of substance- abusing clients that are related to premature termination from alcohol and drag treatment. Few studies, however, have looked at predictors of loss to follow-up among drug users participating in HIV/AIDS prevention projects. This paper develops and tests models of program retention employing data from approximately 250 not-in-treatment drug users enrolled in an outreach based HIV risk reduction program. Logistic regression was used to fit a model which included measures of: (1) demographic characteristics including: age and ethnicity; (2) social environmental factors including: living situation and type of network connection; (3) risk behaviors including: composite scores for drug use in the past 30 days and history of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and (4) program factors including: outreach workers' knowledge of clients and number of intervention sessions received. Findings suggest that social environmental and program factors are most predictive of client retention in the program. Implications for ways in which to monitor retention of out-of-treatment drug users participating in AIDS prevention programs are addressed.",
author = "Baldwin, {J. A.} and Bowen, {A. M.} and {Trotter II}, {Robert T}",
year = "1996",
doi = "10.1300/J023v09n01_02",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "19--35",
journal = "Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse",
issn = "1533-2640",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors contributing to retention of not-in-treatment drug users in an HIV/AIDS outreach prevention project

AU - Baldwin, J. A.

AU - Bowen, A. M.

AU - Trotter II, Robert T

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - Studies have attempted to identify the characteristics of substance- abusing clients that are related to premature termination from alcohol and drag treatment. Few studies, however, have looked at predictors of loss to follow-up among drug users participating in HIV/AIDS prevention projects. This paper develops and tests models of program retention employing data from approximately 250 not-in-treatment drug users enrolled in an outreach based HIV risk reduction program. Logistic regression was used to fit a model which included measures of: (1) demographic characteristics including: age and ethnicity; (2) social environmental factors including: living situation and type of network connection; (3) risk behaviors including: composite scores for drug use in the past 30 days and history of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and (4) program factors including: outreach workers' knowledge of clients and number of intervention sessions received. Findings suggest that social environmental and program factors are most predictive of client retention in the program. Implications for ways in which to monitor retention of out-of-treatment drug users participating in AIDS prevention programs are addressed.

AB - Studies have attempted to identify the characteristics of substance- abusing clients that are related to premature termination from alcohol and drag treatment. Few studies, however, have looked at predictors of loss to follow-up among drug users participating in HIV/AIDS prevention projects. This paper develops and tests models of program retention employing data from approximately 250 not-in-treatment drug users enrolled in an outreach based HIV risk reduction program. Logistic regression was used to fit a model which included measures of: (1) demographic characteristics including: age and ethnicity; (2) social environmental factors including: living situation and type of network connection; (3) risk behaviors including: composite scores for drug use in the past 30 days and history of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and (4) program factors including: outreach workers' knowledge of clients and number of intervention sessions received. Findings suggest that social environmental and program factors are most predictive of client retention in the program. Implications for ways in which to monitor retention of out-of-treatment drug users participating in AIDS prevention programs are addressed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030451196&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030451196&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1300/J023v09n01_02

DO - 10.1300/J023v09n01_02

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 19

EP - 35

JO - Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

JF - Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

SN - 1533-2640

IS - 1-2

ER -