Executive function and mental health in adopted children with a history of recreational drug exposures

Brian J. Piper, Hilary M. Gray, Selena M. Corbett, Melissa A Birkett Greene, Jacob Raber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adoptive children are at increased risk for problematic behaviors but the origin of these individual differences in neurobehavioral function is unclear. This investigation examined whether adopted children with prenatal exposure to a wide variety of recreational drugs exhibited higher scores (i.e. more problems) with executive function and psychiatric symptomology. Caregivers of children ages 5 to 18 completed an online survey with items about use of alcohol, nicotine, or methamphetamine during pregnancy followed by the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF, N = 437 including 59 adoptive parents) or the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL, N = 549 including 54 adoptive parents). Relative to a comparison group of children raised by their biological parents, adoptive children that were polysubstance exposed during prenatal development exhibited higher rates of academic difficulties and were behind their classmates in math and reading. Adoptive children had statistically and clinically significant higher BRIEF ratings and this pattern was similar for boys and girls. CBCL ratings were significantly increased in adoptive children, particularly for Externalizing and Attention problems. Adoptive children with a history of polysubstance exposures including alcohol, nicotine, and methamphetamine are at heightened risk for difficulties with executive function as well as various psychopathologies. These findings suggest that increased monitoring to identify and implement remediation strategies may be warranted for adopted children with a history of in utero drug exposures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere110459
JournalPLoS One
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 22 2014

Fingerprint

adopted children
mental health
Executive Function
Street Drugs
Mental Health
Health
Methamphetamine
Nicotine
Alcohols
nicotine
Parents
Remediation
alcohols
animal technicians
prenatal development
risk behavior
illicit drugs
Monitoring
remediation
Child Behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Executive function and mental health in adopted children with a history of recreational drug exposures. / Piper, Brian J.; Gray, Hilary M.; Corbett, Selena M.; Birkett Greene, Melissa A; Raber, Jacob.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 9, No. 10, e110459, 22.10.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Piper, Brian J. ; Gray, Hilary M. ; Corbett, Selena M. ; Birkett Greene, Melissa A ; Raber, Jacob. / Executive function and mental health in adopted children with a history of recreational drug exposures. In: PLoS One. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. 10.
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