Evolutionary reduction of complex life cycles: loss of host- alternation in Pemphigus (Homoptera: Aphididae)

N. A. Moran, Thomas G Whitham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a Utah canyon, Pemphigus betae, exhibits 2 life cycles: a cycle involving host-alternation between cottonwood Populus trees and roots of herbaceous plants and a secondarily reduced cycle, in which the cottonwood generations are eliminated so that wingless forms live year round on roots. Relative frequencies of the life-cycle types vary along a 30km stretch of the canyon, with the reduced cycle predominating at upper sites. Variation in frequency of life-cycle reduction is dependent on adaptive phenotypic plasticity, microgeographically variable cues affecting mechanisms of morph determination, and genetically based variation in tendency to show reduction versus alternation. Genetic variation between sites corresponds to microgeographic variation in success of life-cycle phases. Where cottonwood hosts are absent (lower elevations) or where the cottonwood phase has low survival (upper elevations), clones tend to produce fewer migrating morphs, compared to clones from middle elevations, where the cottonwood phase is relatively favorable. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)717-728
Number of pages12
JournalEvolution
Volume42
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Pemphigus (Aphididae)
Populus
Aphids
Hemiptera
Pemphigus
Aphididae
Life Cycle Stages
Homoptera
life cycle (organisms)
life cycle
canyons
Pemphigus betae
canyon
clone
clones
herbaceous plants
phenotypic plasticity
Clone Cells
morphs
herb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics
  • Ecology
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Evolutionary reduction of complex life cycles : loss of host- alternation in Pemphigus (Homoptera: Aphididae). / Moran, N. A.; Whitham, Thomas G.

In: Evolution, Vol. 42, No. 4, 1988, p. 717-728.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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