Evolution of a multi-vent volcanic complex within a subsiding arc graben depression

Mount Wrightson Formation, Arizona

Nancy R Riggs, C. J. Busby-Spera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The nature and distribution of volcanic lithofacies in the Mount Wrightson Formation are interpreted to record the evolution of a multi-vent volcanic complex that formed within a subsiding cratonal intra-arc graben. The paucity of debris-flow deposits and the burial of near-vent facies assemblages by ignimbrites suggest that the formation was deposited in a low-relief multi-vent complex with no high-standing central edifice. The Mount Wrightson complex evolved from predominantly effusive to predominantly explosive followed by waning volcanism. Rapid intra-arc subsidence resulted in burial of vent areas by craton-derived eolian quartz arenites correlative with either the Wingate or Navajo Sandstones on the Colorado Plateau; this was particularly important as volcanism waned. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1114-1135
Number of pages22
JournalBulletin of the Geological Society of America
Volume102
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

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graben
volcanism
ignimbrite
lithofacies
debris flow
explosive
craton
relief
subsidence
sandstone
plateau
quartz
distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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title = "Evolution of a multi-vent volcanic complex within a subsiding arc graben depression: Mount Wrightson Formation, Arizona",
abstract = "The nature and distribution of volcanic lithofacies in the Mount Wrightson Formation are interpreted to record the evolution of a multi-vent volcanic complex that formed within a subsiding cratonal intra-arc graben. The paucity of debris-flow deposits and the burial of near-vent facies assemblages by ignimbrites suggest that the formation was deposited in a low-relief multi-vent complex with no high-standing central edifice. The Mount Wrightson complex evolved from predominantly effusive to predominantly explosive followed by waning volcanism. Rapid intra-arc subsidence resulted in burial of vent areas by craton-derived eolian quartz arenites correlative with either the Wingate or Navajo Sandstones on the Colorado Plateau; this was particularly important as volcanism waned. -from Authors",
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AU - Riggs, Nancy R

AU - Busby-Spera, C. J.

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AB - The nature and distribution of volcanic lithofacies in the Mount Wrightson Formation are interpreted to record the evolution of a multi-vent volcanic complex that formed within a subsiding cratonal intra-arc graben. The paucity of debris-flow deposits and the burial of near-vent facies assemblages by ignimbrites suggest that the formation was deposited in a low-relief multi-vent complex with no high-standing central edifice. The Mount Wrightson complex evolved from predominantly effusive to predominantly explosive followed by waning volcanism. Rapid intra-arc subsidence resulted in burial of vent areas by craton-derived eolian quartz arenites correlative with either the Wingate or Navajo Sandstones on the Colorado Plateau; this was particularly important as volcanism waned. -from Authors

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