Estimate of muscle-shortening rate during locomotion.

Stan L Lindstedt, H. Hoppeler, K. M. Bard, H. A. Thronson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

All skeletal muscle can produce roughly the same maximal cross-sectional force; however, the power (energy X time-1) required to develop and maintain that force increases with increasing contraction velocity. Thus the rate of muscle tension development may be of primary importance in setting the energy demand of contracting muscle. We have estimated the rate of muscle shortening during terrestrial locomotion in mammals as a function of body mass. The rate of muscle shortening of the knee extensors is much faster in small than large mammals, scaling in proportion to the -0.23 power of mass. This exponent suggests a constant body size-independent relation among skeletal muscle: O2 consumption, mitochondria content, myosin ATPase activity, and in vivo shortening velocity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalThe American journal of physiology
Volume249
Issue number6 Pt 2
StatePublished - Dec 1985
Externally publishedYes

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Locomotion
Muscles
Mammals
Skeletal Muscle
Muscle Tonus
Muscle Development
Body Size
Myosins
Knee
Mitochondria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Lindstedt, S. L., Hoppeler, H., Bard, K. M., & Thronson, H. A. (1985). Estimate of muscle-shortening rate during locomotion. The American journal of physiology, 249(6 Pt 2).

Estimate of muscle-shortening rate during locomotion. / Lindstedt, Stan L; Hoppeler, H.; Bard, K. M.; Thronson, H. A.

In: The American journal of physiology, Vol. 249, No. 6 Pt 2, 12.1985.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lindstedt, SL, Hoppeler, H, Bard, KM & Thronson, HA 1985, 'Estimate of muscle-shortening rate during locomotion.', The American journal of physiology, vol. 249, no. 6 Pt 2.
Lindstedt, Stan L ; Hoppeler, H. ; Bard, K. M. ; Thronson, H. A. / Estimate of muscle-shortening rate during locomotion. In: The American journal of physiology. 1985 ; Vol. 249, No. 6 Pt 2.
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