Establishing cool-season grasses on a degraded arid rangeland of the Colorado Plateau

Eli J. Bernstein, Christine M. Albano, Thomas D Sisk, Timothy E. Crews, Steve Rosenstock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reestablishing cool-season (C3) grass communities on low elevation rangelands of the Colorado Plateau is notoriously difficult, raising questions about the viability of restoring native species and continuing to actively graze these landscapes. We conducted a seeding experiment on an arid (15.4cm rain/year), historically heavily-grazed rangeland in Northern Arizona to test the effects of seeding technique and simulated seasonal climate scenarios on germination and recruitment of four species of native, cool-season bunchgrasses: Achnatherum hymenoides, Hesperostipa comata, Poa secunda, and Elymus elymoides. Initial results indicated that C3 grasses germinated significantly more in drill-seeded treatments under simulated high precipitation years than in other treatment types. Five years post-treatment, P. secunda and E. elymoides were not observed but simulated drill-seeded treatments, had significantly higher densities of A. hymenoides and H. comata recruits relative to most other treatment types. Simulated drill seeding also increased soil disturbance which increased the establishment of the invasive weed Salsola tragus in year 1, but not thereafter. Although it appears critical to coordinate effective seeding techniques with high winter-spring precipitation, predicting such events may not be possible at some sites, suggesting that seeding low elevation, arid rangelands of the Colorado Plateau may not always be realistic under a future climate that is drier and less predictable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-64
Number of pages8
JournalRestoration Ecology
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Fingerprint

cool season grasses
seeding
rangeland
rangelands
plateaus
sowing
grass
plateau
Achnatherum hymenoides
Elymus elymoides
Poa secunda
Hesperostipa comata
indigenous species
Salsola tragus
grasses
climate
native species
weed
germination
viability

Keywords

  • Achnatherum hymenoides
  • climate change
  • cool-season
  • drill-seeding
  • grasses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Establishing cool-season grasses on a degraded arid rangeland of the Colorado Plateau. / Bernstein, Eli J.; Albano, Christine M.; Sisk, Thomas D; Crews, Timothy E.; Rosenstock, Steve.

In: Restoration Ecology, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 57-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bernstein, Eli J. ; Albano, Christine M. ; Sisk, Thomas D ; Crews, Timothy E. ; Rosenstock, Steve. / Establishing cool-season grasses on a degraded arid rangeland of the Colorado Plateau. In: Restoration Ecology. 2014 ; Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 57-64.
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