Energy expenditure of ambulation using the Sure-Gait® crutch and the standard axillary crutch

A. L. Annesley, M. Almada-Norfleet, D. A. Arnall, Mark W Cornwall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

energy expenditure is increased for ambulation with various assistive devices such as canes, walkers, and crutches compared with unassisted ambulation. the purpose of the present investigation was to determine whether a significant difference in oxygen consumption and heart rate existed during ambulation with two different types of crutches. ten healthy male subjects between the ages of 40 and 60 years participated in this study. each subject ambulated at 1.5 mph on a treadmill using two different types of crutches - the standard axillary crutch and the sure-gaitρ crutch. after walking on the treadmill without an assistive device, subjects ambulated using a three-point, swing-to gait pattern with one of the two types of crutches. this procedure was repeated using the other type of crutch. oxygen consumption and heart rate were analyzed using an analysis of variance for repeated measures design. the results of the study showed a significant difference (p < .01) between ambulation with crutches and unassited ambulation for oxygen consumption and heart rate. no difference, however, was found between the two crutch types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-23
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Therapy
Volume70
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1990

Fingerprint

Crutches
Gait
Energy Metabolism
Walking
Oxygen Consumption
Self-Help Devices
Heart Rate
Walkers
Canes
Analysis of Variance
Healthy Volunteers

Keywords

  • Crutches
  • Energy expenditure
  • Equipment, general
  • Gait
  • Orthotics/splints/casts, general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Energy expenditure of ambulation using the Sure-Gait® crutch and the standard axillary crutch. / Annesley, A. L.; Almada-Norfleet, M.; Arnall, D. A.; Cornwall, Mark W.

In: Physical Therapy, Vol. 70, No. 1, 1990, p. 18-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Annesley, A. L. ; Almada-Norfleet, M. ; Arnall, D. A. ; Cornwall, Mark W. / Energy expenditure of ambulation using the Sure-Gait® crutch and the standard axillary crutch. In: Physical Therapy. 1990 ; Vol. 70, No. 1. pp. 18-23.
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