Encoding and retrieval factors in adult memory for implicational sentences

Robert E Till, David A. Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In three experiments, young and old adults performed an encoding task on implicational sentences and were given a subsequent recall test. Experiments 1 and 2 utilized a within-subject design in which subjects performed a pleasantness-rating or word-estimation (number of words) task followed by either free or cued recall. Although there was no age difference in free recall of sentences, the young generally recalled more than the old in response to implicational cues. The pattern was similar for pleasantness-rating sentences and word-estimation sentences, despite a large main effect of encoding task. Furthermore, the age differences were not attributable to differences in education, sex, vocabulary skill, or arousal (as measured by electrodermal responsivity). In Experiment 3, a comprehension-response task replaced the word-estimation task in a between-subjects design. The earlier findings with pleasantness rating were replicated. However, no age differences in cued recall were observed with the comprehension-response task, suggesting that the older adults benefit from explicit attention to sentence implications. Age-related differences in recall are discussed in terms of deficiencies at encoding and retrieval.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1980
Externally publishedYes

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rating
Data storage equipment
Sex Education
Vocabulary
experiment
comprehension
Arousal
Cues
Young Adult
sex education
Experiments
vocabulary
Education
Encoding
Experiment
Pleasantness
Rating
Age Differences
Free Recall

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Encoding and retrieval factors in adult memory for implicational sentences. / Till, Robert E; Walsh, David A.

In: Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1980, p. 1-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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