Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration on C and N pools and rhizosphere processes in a Florida scrub oak community

Marcus Schortemeyer, Paul Dijkstra, Dale W. Johnson, Bert G. Drake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration (C(a)) on soil carbon and nitrogen accumulation and soil microbial biomass and activity in a native Florida scrub oak community was studied. The plant community, dominated by Quercus myrtifolia Willd. and W. geminata Small, was exposed for 2 years to elevated C(a) in open-top chambers. Buried subsoil bags were retrieved after 1 year of exposure to elevated C(a). In addition, soil cores were taken twice from the chambers within two weeks in July 1998 (the first after a long dry spell and the second after 25 mm of rainfall) and divided into rhizosphere and bulk soil. Soil organic matter accumulation (excluding roots) into the buried subsoil bags was lower in elevated than in ambient C(a). Concentrations of soluble carbon and ninhydrin-reactive nitrogen (N(ninh)) in the rhizosphere soil were reduced by elevated C(a) for the first sampling date and unaffected for the second sampling date. Microbial activity, measured as fluorescein diacetate (FDA) hydrolysis, decreased in elevated C(a) for the first sampling date. Microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen in the bulk soil were unaffected by elevated C(a). There was no effect of elevated C(a) on bacterial numbers in the rhizosphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-391
Number of pages9
JournalGlobal Change Biology
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Elevated CO
  • Microbial activity
  • Phyllosphere
  • Quercus spp.
  • Rhizosphere
  • Soil microbes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecology
  • Environmental Science(all)

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