Ecological effects of large fires on US landscapes

Benefit or catastrophe?

Robert E. Keane, James K. Agee, Peter Z Fule, Jon E. Keeley, Carl Key, Stanley G. Kitchen, Richard Miller, Lisa A. Schulte

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

135 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The perception is that today's large fires are an ecological catastrophe because they burn vast areas with high intensities and severities. However, little is known of the ecological impacts of large fires on both historical and contemporary landscapes. The present paper presents a review of the current knowledge of the effects of large fires in the United States by important ecosystems written by regional experts. The ecosystems are (1) ponderosa pineDouglas-fir, (2) sagebrushgrasslands, (3) pionjuniper, (4) chaparral, (5) mixed-conifer, and (6) sprucefir. This review found that large fires were common on most historical western US landscapes and they will continue to be common today with exceptions. Sagebrush ecosystems are currently experiencing larger, more severe, and more frequent large fires compared to historical conditions due to exotic cheatgrass invasions. Historical large fires in south-west ponderosa pine forest created a mixed severity mosaic dominated by non-lethal surface fires while today's large fires are mostly high severity crown fires. While large fires play an important role in landscape ecology for most regions, their importance is much less in the dry pionjuniper forests and sagebrushgrasslands. Fire management must address the role of large fires in maintaining the health of many US fire-dominated ecosystems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)696-712
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Wildland Fire
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 26 2008

Fingerprint

ecosystem
ecosystems
effect
catastrophe
chaparral
Bromus tectorum
fire management
landscape ecology
dry forest
ecological impact
Pinus ponderosa
dry forests
Artemisia
Abies
coniferous tree
coniferous forests
conifers
mosaic
health

Keywords

  • Fire effects
  • Fire regimes
  • Megafires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Ecology

Cite this

Keane, R. E., Agee, J. K., Fule, P. Z., Keeley, J. E., Key, C., Kitchen, S. G., ... Schulte, L. A. (2008). Ecological effects of large fires on US landscapes: Benefit or catastrophe? International Journal of Wildland Fire, 17(6), 696-712. https://doi.org/10.1071/WF07148

Ecological effects of large fires on US landscapes : Benefit or catastrophe? / Keane, Robert E.; Agee, James K.; Fule, Peter Z; Keeley, Jon E.; Key, Carl; Kitchen, Stanley G.; Miller, Richard; Schulte, Lisa A.

In: International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 17, No. 6, 26.12.2008, p. 696-712.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Keane, RE, Agee, JK, Fule, PZ, Keeley, JE, Key, C, Kitchen, SG, Miller, R & Schulte, LA 2008, 'Ecological effects of large fires on US landscapes: Benefit or catastrophe?', International Journal of Wildland Fire, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 696-712. https://doi.org/10.1071/WF07148
Keane, Robert E. ; Agee, James K. ; Fule, Peter Z ; Keeley, Jon E. ; Key, Carl ; Kitchen, Stanley G. ; Miller, Richard ; Schulte, Lisa A. / Ecological effects of large fires on US landscapes : Benefit or catastrophe?. In: International Journal of Wildland Fire. 2008 ; Vol. 17, No. 6. pp. 696-712.
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