Do muscles function as adaptable locomotor springs?

Stan L Lindstedt, Trade E. Reich, Paul S Keim, Paul C. LaStayo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

107 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During normal animal movements, the forces produced by the locomotor muscles may be greater than, equal to or less than the forces acting on those muscles, the consequences of which significantly affect both the maximum force produced and the energy consumed by the muscles. Lengthening (eccentric) contractions result in the greatest muscle forces at the lowest relative energetic costs. Eccentric contractions play a key role in storing elastic strain energy which, when recovered in subsequent contractions, has been shown to result in enhanced force, work or power outputs. We present data that support the concept that this ability of muscle to store and recover elastic strain energy is an adaptable property of skeletal muscle. Further, we speculate that a crucial element in that muscle spring may be the protein titin. It too seems to adapt to muscle use, and its stiffness seems to be 'tuned' to the frequency of normal muscle use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2211-2216
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Volume205
Issue number15
StatePublished - 2002

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muscle
Muscles
muscles
contraction
energy
Connectin
labor force
skeletal muscle
Skeletal Muscle
stiffness
energetics
Costs and Cost Analysis
protein
animal
cost
animals
Proteins
proteins

Keywords

  • Eccentric
  • Elastic recoil
  • Hopping
  • Muscle
  • Strain energy
  • Stride frequency
  • Titin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Do muscles function as adaptable locomotor springs? / Lindstedt, Stan L; Reich, Trade E.; Keim, Paul S; LaStayo, Paul C.

In: Journal of Experimental Biology, Vol. 205, No. 15, 2002, p. 2211-2216.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lindstedt, SL, Reich, TE, Keim, PS & LaStayo, PC 2002, 'Do muscles function as adaptable locomotor springs?', Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 205, no. 15, pp. 2211-2216.
Lindstedt, Stan L ; Reich, Trade E. ; Keim, Paul S ; LaStayo, Paul C. / Do muscles function as adaptable locomotor springs?. In: Journal of Experimental Biology. 2002 ; Vol. 205, No. 15. pp. 2211-2216.
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