Diverse late-stage crystallization and storage conditions in melt domains from the Youngest Toba Tuff revealed by age and compositional heterogeneity in the last increment of accessory phase growth

Casey R. Tierney, Mary Reid, Jorge A. Vazquez, Craig A. Chesner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The chemical record contained within the final increment of growth on crystals is utilized to reveal the dynamics and timescales of magma assembly and storage before eruption of the cataclysmic 2800 km3 Youngest Toba Tuff (YTT), Indonesia. In situ U–Th disequilibrium dates and trace element concentrations were obtained via secondary ionization mass spectrometry (SIMS) on unsectioned and unpolished faces of individual zircon and allanite crystals. The six high-silica (> 73 wt% SiO2) pumices from which crystals were derived are among the more evolved and lower crystallinity (< 25 wt%) pumices from the YTT eruption, and likely represent the melt-dominated portion of the magma system. Discrete SIMS measurement cycles were coupled with statistical treatments to detect zircon and allanite surface zoning domains at the ~ 1 µm scale. Coupled r-MELTS and accessory phase saturation modeling indicates that at the granite ternary minimum or ‘eutectoid’ conditions that define this portion of the YTT, zircon and allanite crystallization is dependent on and proportionate to major phase crystallization, and is more limited than at pre-eutectoid conditions. A lower proportion of near-eruption zircon surface ages in the comparatively cool and wet YTT relative to other hotter and drier voluminous silicic eruptions could reflect the influence of eutectoid storage conditions on magmatic responses to remobilization-related magmatic recharge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number31
JournalContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
Volume174
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Keywords

  • Allanite
  • Geochronology
  • Magma residence time
  • Rhyolite
  • Youngest Toba Tuff
  • Zircon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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