Determination of rhenium in groundwater by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with on-line cation exchange membrane sample cleanup

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Abstract

A scheme is presented for determining rhenium in groundwater samples that contain up to 4000 mg/L dissolved solids by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. A commercially available cation exchange membrane cartridge is used on-line to exchange cationic species for equivalent quantities of hydrogen ion; rhenium, which is present as the perrhenate anion, remains on the upstream side of the membrane and is transported directly into the inductively coupled plasma. This arrangement successfully alleviates the matrix-related sample introduction difficulties and permits direct determination of rhenium in water with a detection limit of 0.03 μg/L using a Meinhard-type nebulizer. Removal efficiencies of up to 100% are achieved for sodium, magnesium, aluminum, potassium, and calcium ions, while perrhenate is transmitted with 100% efficiency. Results are presented for the determination of rhenium in groundwater samples from the vicinity of a metal sulfide tailings impoundment in the western United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2522-2526
Number of pages5
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume62
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

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Rhenium
Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
Cations
Groundwater
Membranes
Tailings
Inductively coupled plasma
Sulfides
Aluminum
Magnesium
Anions
Protons
Potassium
Metals
Sodium
Ions
Calcium
Water
perrhenate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Determination of rhenium in groundwater by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with on-line cation exchange membrane sample cleanup",
abstract = "A scheme is presented for determining rhenium in groundwater samples that contain up to 4000 mg/L dissolved solids by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. A commercially available cation exchange membrane cartridge is used on-line to exchange cationic species for equivalent quantities of hydrogen ion; rhenium, which is present as the perrhenate anion, remains on the upstream side of the membrane and is transported directly into the inductively coupled plasma. This arrangement successfully alleviates the matrix-related sample introduction difficulties and permits direct determination of rhenium in water with a detection limit of 0.03 μg/L using a Meinhard-type nebulizer. Removal efficiencies of up to 100{\%} are achieved for sodium, magnesium, aluminum, potassium, and calcium ions, while perrhenate is transmitted with 100{\%} efficiency. Results are presented for the determination of rhenium in groundwater samples from the vicinity of a metal sulfide tailings impoundment in the western United States.",
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N2 - A scheme is presented for determining rhenium in groundwater samples that contain up to 4000 mg/L dissolved solids by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. A commercially available cation exchange membrane cartridge is used on-line to exchange cationic species for equivalent quantities of hydrogen ion; rhenium, which is present as the perrhenate anion, remains on the upstream side of the membrane and is transported directly into the inductively coupled plasma. This arrangement successfully alleviates the matrix-related sample introduction difficulties and permits direct determination of rhenium in water with a detection limit of 0.03 μg/L using a Meinhard-type nebulizer. Removal efficiencies of up to 100% are achieved for sodium, magnesium, aluminum, potassium, and calcium ions, while perrhenate is transmitted with 100% efficiency. Results are presented for the determination of rhenium in groundwater samples from the vicinity of a metal sulfide tailings impoundment in the western United States.

AB - A scheme is presented for determining rhenium in groundwater samples that contain up to 4000 mg/L dissolved solids by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. A commercially available cation exchange membrane cartridge is used on-line to exchange cationic species for equivalent quantities of hydrogen ion; rhenium, which is present as the perrhenate anion, remains on the upstream side of the membrane and is transported directly into the inductively coupled plasma. This arrangement successfully alleviates the matrix-related sample introduction difficulties and permits direct determination of rhenium in water with a detection limit of 0.03 μg/L using a Meinhard-type nebulizer. Removal efficiencies of up to 100% are achieved for sodium, magnesium, aluminum, potassium, and calcium ions, while perrhenate is transmitted with 100% efficiency. Results are presented for the determination of rhenium in groundwater samples from the vicinity of a metal sulfide tailings impoundment in the western United States.

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