Magnetorheological (MR) fluids possess the unique ability to undergo dramatic and nearly completely reversible changes in their rheological properties under the application of a magnetic field. These controllable fluids can serve as quiet, rapid interfaces between electronic controls and mechanical systems. One area of application is to use these fluids in torque transfer devices, such as clutches and brakes. After determining MR fluid properties and behavior using a rheometer, a parallel disk type MR clutch was successfully developed, which utilized a stationary electromagnetic coil. Finite element analysis was used to design the coil and clutch assembly in order to maximize the magnetic field generated within the MR fluid. The resulting magnetic field was uniform over the active portion of the clutch, easily controllable by adjusting the current passing through the coil, and provided a large range of field strength values. The experimentally measured output torque was generally in good agreement with predicted values. This work details the design considerations and methodology used to develop this clutch, which can be extended to the design of other MR devices.
- Magnetorheological (mr) fluid
- Torque prediction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanical Engineering
- Physics and Astronomy(all)