Debris disks around Sun-like stars

David E Trilling, G. Bryden, C. A. Beichman, G. H. Rieke, K. Y L Su, J. A. Stansberry, M. Blaylock, K. R. Stapelfeldt, J. W. Beeman, E. E. Haller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

198 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have observed nearly 200 FGK stars at 24 and 70 μm with the Spitzer Space Telescope. We identify excess infrared emission, including a number of cases where the observed flux is more than 10 times brighter than the predicted photospheric flux, and interpret these signatures as evidence of debris disks in those systems. We combine this sample of FGK stars with similar published results to produce a sample of more than 350 main sequence AFGKM stars. The incidence of debris disks is 4.2-1.1-2.0% at 24 μm for a sample of 213 Sun-like (FG) stars and 16.4-2.9-2.8 at 70 μm for 225 Sun-like (FG) stars. We find that the excess rates for A, F, G, and K stars are statistically indistinguishable, but with a suggestion of decreasing excess rate toward the later spectral types; this may be an age effect. The lack of strong trend among FGK stars of comparable ages is surprising, given the factor of 50 change in stellar luminosity across this spectral range. We also find that the incidence of debris disks declines very slowly beyond ages of 1 billion years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1086-1105
Number of pages20
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume674
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 20 2008
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Circumstellar matter
  • Infrared: stars
  • Planetary systems: formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Trilling, D. E., Bryden, G., Beichman, C. A., Rieke, G. H., Su, K. Y. L., Stansberry, J. A., Blaylock, M., Stapelfeldt, K. R., Beeman, J. W., & Haller, E. E. (2008). Debris disks around Sun-like stars. Astrophysical Journal, 674(2), 1086-1105. https://doi.org/10.1086/525514