Deadlock opportunism in contesting conservation areas in Indonesia

Muhammad Alif K. Sahide, Micah R. Fisher, Ahmad Maryudi, Ahmad Dhiaulhaq, Christine Wulandari, Yeon-Su Kim, Lukas Giessen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conservation areas are designated to protect biodiversity and resources by limiting anthropogenic stressors. In Indonesia, conservation areas account for almost 23 percent of the state forest with extremely limited allowable uses. Previous policy interventions to support community and traditional uses have never been very successful due to the deep roots of bureaucratic politics originally defined to safeguard biodiversity. This deadlock created by the two major laws governing forestry and conservation areas has been broken with recent permits for geothermal projects in conservation areas. The rationale is to provide an environmental service (renewable energy) and to address global concerns for climate mitigation. This paper examines how the deadlock is broken at least temporarily for geothermal development and maintained for social forestry. Arguments and findings presented in this paper are drawn from content analysis, interviews, and long-term engagement among the authors observing operationalization of conservation policies in Indonesia, both in Java and outer islands. We propose the operational framework of deadlock opportunism as a way to highlight the processes of breaking a deadlock by legitimizing particular interests (geothermal development) through green and populist narratives, while hollowing out claims of other interests (social forestry). Although anticipation of breaking the deadlock through geothermal development has encouraged numerous policies and programs developed for social forestry, we argue these developments actually camouflage the underlying legitimacy of communities and keep them from accessing lands within conservation areas. We believe the concept of deadlock opportunism and the operational framework can provide new insights for understanding progress (or lack thereof) of certain policies in their lifecycles in other parts of the world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)412-424
Number of pages13
JournalLand Use Policy
Volume77
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

Fingerprint

opportunism
social forestry
Indonesia
protected area
conservation areas
conservation
forestry
biodiversity
politics
state forests
renewable energy sources
ecosystem services
operationalization
renewable energy
interviews
mitigation
community
content analysis
legitimacy
climate

Keywords

  • Bureaucratic politics
  • Community forestry
  • Conservation politics
  • Geothermal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Sahide, M. A. K., Fisher, M. R., Maryudi, A., Dhiaulhaq, A., Wulandari, C., Kim, Y-S., & Giessen, L. (2018). Deadlock opportunism in contesting conservation areas in Indonesia. Land Use Policy, 77, 412-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.05.020

Deadlock opportunism in contesting conservation areas in Indonesia. / Sahide, Muhammad Alif K.; Fisher, Micah R.; Maryudi, Ahmad; Dhiaulhaq, Ahmad; Wulandari, Christine; Kim, Yeon-Su; Giessen, Lukas.

In: Land Use Policy, Vol. 77, 01.09.2018, p. 412-424.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sahide, MAK, Fisher, MR, Maryudi, A, Dhiaulhaq, A, Wulandari, C, Kim, Y-S & Giessen, L 2018, 'Deadlock opportunism in contesting conservation areas in Indonesia', Land Use Policy, vol. 77, pp. 412-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.05.020
Sahide MAK, Fisher MR, Maryudi A, Dhiaulhaq A, Wulandari C, Kim Y-S et al. Deadlock opportunism in contesting conservation areas in Indonesia. Land Use Policy. 2018 Sep 1;77:412-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.05.020
Sahide, Muhammad Alif K. ; Fisher, Micah R. ; Maryudi, Ahmad ; Dhiaulhaq, Ahmad ; Wulandari, Christine ; Kim, Yeon-Su ; Giessen, Lukas. / Deadlock opportunism in contesting conservation areas in Indonesia. In: Land Use Policy. 2018 ; Vol. 77. pp. 412-424.
@article{45f9ddbd3d2747dcbe18ba29cc6dd67e,
title = "Deadlock opportunism in contesting conservation areas in Indonesia",
abstract = "Conservation areas are designated to protect biodiversity and resources by limiting anthropogenic stressors. In Indonesia, conservation areas account for almost 23 percent of the state forest with extremely limited allowable uses. Previous policy interventions to support community and traditional uses have never been very successful due to the deep roots of bureaucratic politics originally defined to safeguard biodiversity. This deadlock created by the two major laws governing forestry and conservation areas has been broken with recent permits for geothermal projects in conservation areas. The rationale is to provide an environmental service (renewable energy) and to address global concerns for climate mitigation. This paper examines how the deadlock is broken at least temporarily for geothermal development and maintained for social forestry. Arguments and findings presented in this paper are drawn from content analysis, interviews, and long-term engagement among the authors observing operationalization of conservation policies in Indonesia, both in Java and outer islands. We propose the operational framework of deadlock opportunism as a way to highlight the processes of breaking a deadlock by legitimizing particular interests (geothermal development) through green and populist narratives, while hollowing out claims of other interests (social forestry). Although anticipation of breaking the deadlock through geothermal development has encouraged numerous policies and programs developed for social forestry, we argue these developments actually camouflage the underlying legitimacy of communities and keep them from accessing lands within conservation areas. We believe the concept of deadlock opportunism and the operational framework can provide new insights for understanding progress (or lack thereof) of certain policies in their lifecycles in other parts of the world.",
keywords = "Bureaucratic politics, Community forestry, Conservation politics, Geothermal",
author = "Sahide, {Muhammad Alif K.} and Fisher, {Micah R.} and Ahmad Maryudi and Ahmad Dhiaulhaq and Christine Wulandari and Yeon-Su Kim and Lukas Giessen",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.05.020",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "77",
pages = "412--424",
journal = "Land Use Policy",
issn = "0264-8377",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Deadlock opportunism in contesting conservation areas in Indonesia

AU - Sahide, Muhammad Alif K.

AU - Fisher, Micah R.

AU - Maryudi, Ahmad

AU - Dhiaulhaq, Ahmad

AU - Wulandari, Christine

AU - Kim, Yeon-Su

AU - Giessen, Lukas

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - Conservation areas are designated to protect biodiversity and resources by limiting anthropogenic stressors. In Indonesia, conservation areas account for almost 23 percent of the state forest with extremely limited allowable uses. Previous policy interventions to support community and traditional uses have never been very successful due to the deep roots of bureaucratic politics originally defined to safeguard biodiversity. This deadlock created by the two major laws governing forestry and conservation areas has been broken with recent permits for geothermal projects in conservation areas. The rationale is to provide an environmental service (renewable energy) and to address global concerns for climate mitigation. This paper examines how the deadlock is broken at least temporarily for geothermal development and maintained for social forestry. Arguments and findings presented in this paper are drawn from content analysis, interviews, and long-term engagement among the authors observing operationalization of conservation policies in Indonesia, both in Java and outer islands. We propose the operational framework of deadlock opportunism as a way to highlight the processes of breaking a deadlock by legitimizing particular interests (geothermal development) through green and populist narratives, while hollowing out claims of other interests (social forestry). Although anticipation of breaking the deadlock through geothermal development has encouraged numerous policies and programs developed for social forestry, we argue these developments actually camouflage the underlying legitimacy of communities and keep them from accessing lands within conservation areas. We believe the concept of deadlock opportunism and the operational framework can provide new insights for understanding progress (or lack thereof) of certain policies in their lifecycles in other parts of the world.

AB - Conservation areas are designated to protect biodiversity and resources by limiting anthropogenic stressors. In Indonesia, conservation areas account for almost 23 percent of the state forest with extremely limited allowable uses. Previous policy interventions to support community and traditional uses have never been very successful due to the deep roots of bureaucratic politics originally defined to safeguard biodiversity. This deadlock created by the two major laws governing forestry and conservation areas has been broken with recent permits for geothermal projects in conservation areas. The rationale is to provide an environmental service (renewable energy) and to address global concerns for climate mitigation. This paper examines how the deadlock is broken at least temporarily for geothermal development and maintained for social forestry. Arguments and findings presented in this paper are drawn from content analysis, interviews, and long-term engagement among the authors observing operationalization of conservation policies in Indonesia, both in Java and outer islands. We propose the operational framework of deadlock opportunism as a way to highlight the processes of breaking a deadlock by legitimizing particular interests (geothermal development) through green and populist narratives, while hollowing out claims of other interests (social forestry). Although anticipation of breaking the deadlock through geothermal development has encouraged numerous policies and programs developed for social forestry, we argue these developments actually camouflage the underlying legitimacy of communities and keep them from accessing lands within conservation areas. We believe the concept of deadlock opportunism and the operational framework can provide new insights for understanding progress (or lack thereof) of certain policies in their lifecycles in other parts of the world.

KW - Bureaucratic politics

KW - Community forestry

KW - Conservation politics

KW - Geothermal

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048291725&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85048291725&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.05.020

DO - 10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.05.020

M3 - Article

VL - 77

SP - 412

EP - 424

JO - Land Use Policy

JF - Land Use Policy

SN - 0264-8377

ER -