Current understanding of the human microbiome

Jack A. Gilbert, Martin J. Blaser, James G Caporaso, Janet K. Jansson, Susan V. Lynch, Rob Knight

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

145 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our understanding of the link between the human microbiome and disease, including obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis and autism, is rapidly expanding. Improvements in the throughput and accuracy of DNA sequencing of the genomes of microbial communities that are associated with human samples, complemented by analysis of transcriptomes, proteomes, metabolomes and immunomes and by mechanistic experiments in model systems, have vastly improved our ability to understand the structure and function of the microbiome in both diseased and healthy states. However, many challenges remain. In this review, we focus on studies in humans to describe these challenges and propose strategies that leverage existing knowledge to move rapidly from correlation to causation and ultimately to translation into therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-400
Number of pages9
JournalNature Medicine
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2018

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Microbiota
Microbial Genome
Aptitude
Metabolome
Gene Expression Profiling
Proteome
Autistic Disorder
DNA Sequence Analysis
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Causality
Arthritis
Obesity
Genes
Throughput
DNA
Experiments
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Gilbert, J. A., Blaser, M. J., Caporaso, J. G., Jansson, J. K., Lynch, S. V., & Knight, R. (2018). Current understanding of the human microbiome. Nature Medicine, 24(4), 392-400. https://doi.org/10.1038/nm.4517

Current understanding of the human microbiome. / Gilbert, Jack A.; Blaser, Martin J.; Caporaso, James G; Jansson, Janet K.; Lynch, Susan V.; Knight, Rob.

In: Nature Medicine, Vol. 24, No. 4, 10.04.2018, p. 392-400.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gilbert, JA, Blaser, MJ, Caporaso, JG, Jansson, JK, Lynch, SV & Knight, R 2018, 'Current understanding of the human microbiome', Nature Medicine, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 392-400. https://doi.org/10.1038/nm.4517
Gilbert JA, Blaser MJ, Caporaso JG, Jansson JK, Lynch SV, Knight R. Current understanding of the human microbiome. Nature Medicine. 2018 Apr 10;24(4):392-400. https://doi.org/10.1038/nm.4517
Gilbert, Jack A. ; Blaser, Martin J. ; Caporaso, James G ; Jansson, Janet K. ; Lynch, Susan V. ; Knight, Rob. / Current understanding of the human microbiome. In: Nature Medicine. 2018 ; Vol. 24, No. 4. pp. 392-400.
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