Culture and context: Buffering the relationship between stressful life events and risky behaviors in American Indian youth

Julie A. Baldwin, Betty G Brown, Heidi A Wayment, Ramona Antone Nez, Kathleen M. Brelsford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations


The Sacred Mountain Youth Project was conducted to investigate risk and protective factors related to alcohol and drug use among American Indian youth. Findings indicated that stressful life events were positively associated with depressed mood, substance use, and risky behavior; cultural identity had no direct effects, but a secondary model showed that social support and protective family and peer influences were related to cultural identity. These findings suggest that the relationships between stressors and their negative sequelae are complex. Emphasis on protective processes that are culturally specific to American Indian youth may lead to effective alcohol and drug use prevention programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1380-1394
Number of pages15
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jul 29 2011



  • Alcohol and substance use
  • American Indian youth
  • Cultural identity
  • Depressed mood
  • Protective factors
  • Risk factors
  • Risky behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)

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