Continuous vapor-phase trichloroethylene biofiltration using hydrocarbon-enriched compost as filtration matrix

S. Sukesan, Maribeth E Watwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two sources of finished compost material were examined for the capacity to support trichloroethylene(TCE)-degrading microbial populations in a gas-phase bioreactor. Gaseous hydrocarbon was passed through the bioreactor to stimulate cometabolic oxidation of TCE. Significant differences in TCE removal efficiencies were observed between the two compost types, and between hydrocarbon-stimulated and non-stimulated compost. At an average column retention time of 5.6 min, deciduous leaf debris compost removed more than 95% of a 5-50 ppm (by vol.) TCE gas stream, whereas less than 15% removal was observed under similar conditions with a woodchip and bark compost. Trichloroethylene removal efficiency varied with the hydrocarbon-stimulation regime employed, although propane and methane stimulated TCE degradation equally well. Amendment of compost with granular activated carbon substantially increased biological TCE removal, Differences in TCE removal efficiencies observed between the two compost types and between hydrocarbon-stimulated and non-stimulated composts were investigated in terms of changes in the overall heterotrophic microbial populations by using community-level physiological profile analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)671-676
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Biofiltration
Trichloroethylene
Hydrocarbons
Soil
Vapors
Bioreactors
Gases
Propane
Methane
Debris
Activated carbon
Population
Carbon
Degradation
Oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Microbiology

Cite this

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