Conserving plant genetic diversity for dependent animal communities

Gina Marie Wimp, William P. Young, Scott A. Woolbright, Gregory D. Martinsen, Paul Keim, Thomas G. Whitham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

121 Scopus citations

Abstract

While population genetic diversity has broad application in species conservation, no studies have examined the community-level consequences of this diversity. We show that population genetic diversity (generated by interspecific hybridization) in a dominant riparian tree affects an arthropod community composed of 207 species. In an experimental garden, plant cross type structured the arthropod community of individual trees, and among stands in the wild, plant genetic diversity accounted for nearly 60% of the variation in arthropod diversity. While previous experimental garden studies have demonstrated the effects of plant genotype on arthropod communities, our study extends these findings from individual trees in an experimental garden to natural stands of cottonwoods where plant population genetic diversity was a significant factor structuring arthropod diversity. These findings argue that the preservation of genetic diversity in a dominant species is far more important than previously realized, and may be particularly important in hybridizing systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)776-780
Number of pages5
JournalEcology Letters
Volume7
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

Keywords

  • Arthropod
  • Community
  • Conservation
  • Genetics
  • Hybrid
  • Nonmetric multidimensional scaling
  • Populus angustifolia
  • Populus fremontii

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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