Composition of KBO (50000) Quaoar

C. Morea Dalle Ore, M. A. Barucci, J. P. Emery, D. P. Cruikshank, L. V. Dalle Ore, F. Merlin, A. Alvarez-Candal, C. De Bergh, David E Trilling, D. Perna, S. Fornasier, R. M E Mastrapa, E. Dotto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims. The objective of this work is to investigate the physical properties of objects beyond Neptune - the new frontiers of the Solar System - and in particular to study the surface composition of (50 000) Quaoar, a classical Transneptunian (or Kuiper Belt) object. Because of its distance from the Sun, Quaoar is expected to have preserved, to a degree, its original composition. Our goals are to determine to what degree this is true and to shed light on the chemical evolution of this icy body.Methods. We present new near-infrared (3.6 and 4.5 μm) photometric data obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope. These data complement high resolution, low signal-to-noise spectroscopic and photometric data obtained in the visible and near-infrared (0.4-2.3 μm) at VLT-ESO and provide an excellent set of constraints in the model calculation process. We perform spectral modeling of the entire wavelength range - from 0.3 to 4.5 μm by means of a code based on the Shkuratov radiative transfer formulation of the slab model. We also attempt to determine the temperature of H2O ice making use of the crystalline feature at 1.65 μm. Results. We present a model confirming previous results regarding the presence of crystalline H2O and CH4 ice, as well as C 2H6 and organic materials, on the surface of this distant icy body. We attempt a measurement of the temperature and find that stronger constraints on the composition are needed to obtain a precise determination. Conclusions. Model fits indicate that N2 may be a significant component, along with a component that is bright at < 3.3 μm, which we suggest at this time could be amorphous H2O ice in tiny grains or thin grain coatings. Irradiated crystalline H2O could be the source of small-grained amorphous H2O ice. The albedo and composition of Quaoar, in particular the presence of N2, if confirmed, make this TNO quite similar to Triton and Pluto.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-357
Number of pages9
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume501
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009

Fingerprint

Quaoar
ice
near infrared
trans-Neptunian objects
Pluto (planet)
Kuiper belt
Pluto
Neptune (planet)
Space Infrared Telescope Facility
Neptune
chemical evolution
organic materials
European Southern Observatory
albedo
solar system
complement
radiative transfer
coating
slab
sun

Keywords

  • Kuiper Belt
  • Techniques: Spectroscopic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Morea Dalle Ore, C., Barucci, M. A., Emery, J. P., Cruikshank, D. P., Dalle Ore, L. V., Merlin, F., ... Dotto, E. (2009). Composition of KBO (50000) Quaoar. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 501(1), 349-357. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/200911752

Composition of KBO (50000) Quaoar. / Morea Dalle Ore, C.; Barucci, M. A.; Emery, J. P.; Cruikshank, D. P.; Dalle Ore, L. V.; Merlin, F.; Alvarez-Candal, A.; De Bergh, C.; Trilling, David E; Perna, D.; Fornasier, S.; Mastrapa, R. M E; Dotto, E.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 501, No. 1, 07.2009, p. 349-357.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Morea Dalle Ore, C, Barucci, MA, Emery, JP, Cruikshank, DP, Dalle Ore, LV, Merlin, F, Alvarez-Candal, A, De Bergh, C, Trilling, DE, Perna, D, Fornasier, S, Mastrapa, RME & Dotto, E 2009, 'Composition of KBO (50000) Quaoar', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 501, no. 1, pp. 349-357. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/200911752
Morea Dalle Ore C, Barucci MA, Emery JP, Cruikshank DP, Dalle Ore LV, Merlin F et al. Composition of KBO (50000) Quaoar. Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2009 Jul;501(1):349-357. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/200911752
Morea Dalle Ore, C. ; Barucci, M. A. ; Emery, J. P. ; Cruikshank, D. P. ; Dalle Ore, L. V. ; Merlin, F. ; Alvarez-Candal, A. ; De Bergh, C. ; Trilling, David E ; Perna, D. ; Fornasier, S. ; Mastrapa, R. M E ; Dotto, E. / Composition of KBO (50000) Quaoar. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2009 ; Vol. 501, No. 1. pp. 349-357.
@article{51b0628b38004bdea5a4a2db35e1efd2,
title = "Composition of KBO (50000) Quaoar",
abstract = "Aims. The objective of this work is to investigate the physical properties of objects beyond Neptune - the new frontiers of the Solar System - and in particular to study the surface composition of (50 000) Quaoar, a classical Transneptunian (or Kuiper Belt) object. Because of its distance from the Sun, Quaoar is expected to have preserved, to a degree, its original composition. Our goals are to determine to what degree this is true and to shed light on the chemical evolution of this icy body.Methods. We present new near-infrared (3.6 and 4.5 μm) photometric data obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope. These data complement high resolution, low signal-to-noise spectroscopic and photometric data obtained in the visible and near-infrared (0.4-2.3 μm) at VLT-ESO and provide an excellent set of constraints in the model calculation process. We perform spectral modeling of the entire wavelength range - from 0.3 to 4.5 μm by means of a code based on the Shkuratov radiative transfer formulation of the slab model. We also attempt to determine the temperature of H2O ice making use of the crystalline feature at 1.65 μm. Results. We present a model confirming previous results regarding the presence of crystalline H2O and CH4 ice, as well as C 2H6 and organic materials, on the surface of this distant icy body. We attempt a measurement of the temperature and find that stronger constraints on the composition are needed to obtain a precise determination. Conclusions. Model fits indicate that N2 may be a significant component, along with a component that is bright at < 3.3 μm, which we suggest at this time could be amorphous H2O ice in tiny grains or thin grain coatings. Irradiated crystalline H2O could be the source of small-grained amorphous H2O ice. The albedo and composition of Quaoar, in particular the presence of N2, if confirmed, make this TNO quite similar to Triton and Pluto.",
keywords = "Kuiper Belt, Techniques: Spectroscopic",
author = "{Morea Dalle Ore}, C. and Barucci, {M. A.} and Emery, {J. P.} and Cruikshank, {D. P.} and {Dalle Ore}, {L. V.} and F. Merlin and A. Alvarez-Candal and {De Bergh}, C. and Trilling, {David E} and D. Perna and S. Fornasier and Mastrapa, {R. M E} and E. Dotto",
year = "2009",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1051/0004-6361/200911752",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "501",
pages = "349--357",
journal = "Astronomy and Astrophysics",
issn = "0004-6361",
publisher = "EDP Sciences",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Composition of KBO (50000) Quaoar

AU - Morea Dalle Ore, C.

AU - Barucci, M. A.

AU - Emery, J. P.

AU - Cruikshank, D. P.

AU - Dalle Ore, L. V.

AU - Merlin, F.

AU - Alvarez-Candal, A.

AU - De Bergh, C.

AU - Trilling, David E

AU - Perna, D.

AU - Fornasier, S.

AU - Mastrapa, R. M E

AU - Dotto, E.

PY - 2009/7

Y1 - 2009/7

N2 - Aims. The objective of this work is to investigate the physical properties of objects beyond Neptune - the new frontiers of the Solar System - and in particular to study the surface composition of (50 000) Quaoar, a classical Transneptunian (or Kuiper Belt) object. Because of its distance from the Sun, Quaoar is expected to have preserved, to a degree, its original composition. Our goals are to determine to what degree this is true and to shed light on the chemical evolution of this icy body.Methods. We present new near-infrared (3.6 and 4.5 μm) photometric data obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope. These data complement high resolution, low signal-to-noise spectroscopic and photometric data obtained in the visible and near-infrared (0.4-2.3 μm) at VLT-ESO and provide an excellent set of constraints in the model calculation process. We perform spectral modeling of the entire wavelength range - from 0.3 to 4.5 μm by means of a code based on the Shkuratov radiative transfer formulation of the slab model. We also attempt to determine the temperature of H2O ice making use of the crystalline feature at 1.65 μm. Results. We present a model confirming previous results regarding the presence of crystalline H2O and CH4 ice, as well as C 2H6 and organic materials, on the surface of this distant icy body. We attempt a measurement of the temperature and find that stronger constraints on the composition are needed to obtain a precise determination. Conclusions. Model fits indicate that N2 may be a significant component, along with a component that is bright at < 3.3 μm, which we suggest at this time could be amorphous H2O ice in tiny grains or thin grain coatings. Irradiated crystalline H2O could be the source of small-grained amorphous H2O ice. The albedo and composition of Quaoar, in particular the presence of N2, if confirmed, make this TNO quite similar to Triton and Pluto.

AB - Aims. The objective of this work is to investigate the physical properties of objects beyond Neptune - the new frontiers of the Solar System - and in particular to study the surface composition of (50 000) Quaoar, a classical Transneptunian (or Kuiper Belt) object. Because of its distance from the Sun, Quaoar is expected to have preserved, to a degree, its original composition. Our goals are to determine to what degree this is true and to shed light on the chemical evolution of this icy body.Methods. We present new near-infrared (3.6 and 4.5 μm) photometric data obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope. These data complement high resolution, low signal-to-noise spectroscopic and photometric data obtained in the visible and near-infrared (0.4-2.3 μm) at VLT-ESO and provide an excellent set of constraints in the model calculation process. We perform spectral modeling of the entire wavelength range - from 0.3 to 4.5 μm by means of a code based on the Shkuratov radiative transfer formulation of the slab model. We also attempt to determine the temperature of H2O ice making use of the crystalline feature at 1.65 μm. Results. We present a model confirming previous results regarding the presence of crystalline H2O and CH4 ice, as well as C 2H6 and organic materials, on the surface of this distant icy body. We attempt a measurement of the temperature and find that stronger constraints on the composition are needed to obtain a precise determination. Conclusions. Model fits indicate that N2 may be a significant component, along with a component that is bright at < 3.3 μm, which we suggest at this time could be amorphous H2O ice in tiny grains or thin grain coatings. Irradiated crystalline H2O could be the source of small-grained amorphous H2O ice. The albedo and composition of Quaoar, in particular the presence of N2, if confirmed, make this TNO quite similar to Triton and Pluto.

KW - Kuiper Belt

KW - Techniques: Spectroscopic

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67650931810&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=67650931810&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1051/0004-6361/200911752

DO - 10.1051/0004-6361/200911752

M3 - Article

VL - 501

SP - 349

EP - 357

JO - Astronomy and Astrophysics

JF - Astronomy and Astrophysics

SN - 0004-6361

IS - 1

ER -