Changes in potential wildland fire suppression costs due to restoration treatments in Northern Arizona Ponderosa pine forests

Ryan A. Fitch, Yeon-Su Kim, Amy E.M. Waltz, Joe E. Crouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Wildfire suppression costs have been increasing since the early 1970's. With growing concern over wildfire suppression costs, our analysis addresses restoration treatment effectiveness in reducing wildfire suppression costs. We examine past fires across the Northern Arizona landscape to determine fire behavior characteristics that are significant in predicting wildfire suppression costs and capable of being modeled in fire simulations prior to wildfire events. We find burn severity metrics to be significant in predicting wildfire suppression costs. Three proposed treatment alternatives for the Four Forest Restoration Initiative (4-FRI) are analyzed to determine treatment effectiveness and policy implications in reducing burn severity metrics and wildfire suppression costs. The more aggressive treatments are more effective in reducing wildfire suppression costs except in the case of sever wind and weather events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-114
Number of pages14
JournalForest Policy and Economics
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018



  • Burn severity
  • FlamMap
  • Forest restoration treatments
  • Northern Arizona
  • Wildfire management policy
  • Wildfire suppression costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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