Cancer Screening on the Hopi Reservation: A Model for Success in a Native American Community

Sylvia R. Brown, Lori Joshweseoma, Kathylynn Saboda, Priscilla R Sanderson, Delores Ami, Robin Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

American Indian women have lower cancer survival rates compared to non-Hispanic White women. Increased cancer screening fostered by culturally sensitive education and community programs may help decrease this disparity. This study assesses the effectiveness of Hopi Cancer Support Services (HCSS) in maintaining high rates of breast and cervical cancer screening among Hopi women and evaluates the impact of participation in HCSS programs on colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. A population-based survey was conducted on the Hopi reservation in 2012 (n = 252 women). Frequency of breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screenings, participation in HCSS programs and barriers to screening were evaluated. Unconditional multiple logistic regression estimated the independent effect of the HCSS program on CRC screening. Approximately 88 % of Hopi women 40+ reported ever having had a mammogram; 71 % did so within the past 2 years. Approximately 66 % of women 50+ were ever screened for colorectal cancer (FOBT and/or colonoscopy). Women who had their last mammogram through HCSS were 2.81 (95 % CI 1.12, 7.07) times more likely to have been screened for CRC. Breast and cervical cancer screening continues at a high rate among Hopi women and is substantially greater than that reported prior to the inception of HCSS. Furthermore, participation in programs offered by HCSS  is strongly associated with increased colorectal cancer screening. This tribal health program (HCSS) has strongly influenced cancer screening among Hopi women and is a model of a tribally run cancer prevention program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1165-1172
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Community Health
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 20 2015

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Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Cancer screening
  • Community health
  • Reservation
  • Rural
  • Screening
  • Tribal health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

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