Assessing colorectal cancer screening knowledge at tribal fairs

Priscilla R. Sanderson, Neil Weinstein, Nicolette Teufel-Shone, María Elena Martínez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Increasing public awareness and knowledge about the need for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among American Indians is key to reducing health disparities. The objective of this study was to assess Navajo adults' knowledge of CRC risk factors and prevention, CRC screening, and self-reported experience with CRC screening. Methods: We collected data generated by a self-administered survey given to Navajo adults, most of whom lived on the reservation. Data were collected at 2 annual tribal fairs in 2006. Fair attendees who visited an exhibit booth completed a CRC knowledge survey. The study design was nonrandomized. Results: Of the 285 Navajo adults who participated, most were bilingual (74%) and female (80%). Of the respondents aged 50 years or older, 77% had heard of CRC screening and 28% reported being screened for colon or colorectal cancer. Knowledge was high (mean, 5.78 [standard deviation (SD), 1.28]) (8.0 was the highest possible knowledge score). Respondents with little or no formal schooling had lower scores (mean, 5.4), indicating less knowledge of CRC and associated screening tests than did those with more education (mean, 6.0). Conclusion: Among a sample of Navajo adults aged 50 years or older, participants with more education were more likely to be knowledgeable about CRC and to have received screening. This survey, led by a Navajo investigator with Navajo surveyors, revealed a high awareness of CRC and screening, but overall CRC screening was low. CRC education for Navajo adults who have little or no formal schooling should be improved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA16
JournalPreventing Chronic Disease
Volume8
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Sanderson, P. R., Weinstein, N., Teufel-Shone, N., & Elena Martínez, M. (2011). Assessing colorectal cancer screening knowledge at tribal fairs. Preventing Chronic Disease, 8(1), [A16].