Antibodies in cold stressed mice recognize a surface protein in Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites

Eric G. Thompson, Hernan O. Aviles, Fernando P Monroy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Physical or psychological stressors are known to have significant consequences for immune function and the outcome of disease in human and animal models. In mice, cold water stress (CWS) has been shown to delay control of acute infection and reactivation of latent infections. Increased levels of parasite-specific IgG and IgM antibodies are observed when CWS is applied in the chronic phase. The present study examined the effects of a physical stressor, CWS, on tachyzoites antigens of Toxoplasma gondii, with particular emphasis on a low molecular weight antigen, 5 kDa, which seems to be recognized by antibodies from mice subjected to CWS in the chronic phase. This antigen is not recognized by antibodies from infected mice not subjected to CWS. Sera obtained from stressed and infected (CWS + INF) mice subjected to CWS during the chronic phase (CWS + INF + CWS) were used to harvest anti-5-kDa antibodies for immunolocalization studies. Tachyzoite lysate preparations were electrophoretically separated and transferred to nitrocellulose membranes. Strips of nitrocellulose containing tachyzoite antigens in the 4-10-kDa range were used to select for anti-5-kDa antibodies. Harvested anti-5-kDa localized this antigen on the surface of tachyzoites. This antigen was not present in bradyzoite preparations. Treatment with phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C showed this antigen was not anchored to the cell membrane through glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol. Strong antibody responses in stressed animals during the chronic phase are associated with parasite reactivation. The 5-kDa antigen constitutes a unique immunogenic component of T. gondii, with significant diagnostic potential for identifying reactivation of latent infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-118
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Parasitology
Volume94
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

Fingerprint

tachyzoites
Toxoplasma
surface proteins
Toxoplasma gondii
Dehydration
water stress
cold water
antibody
antigen
Membrane Proteins
antibodies
antigens
protein
Antibodies
mice
Antigens
reactivation
Collodion
phosphatidylinositols
parasite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Antibodies in cold stressed mice recognize a surface protein in Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites. / Thompson, Eric G.; Aviles, Hernan O.; Monroy, Fernando P.

In: Journal of Parasitology, Vol. 94, No. 1, 02.2008, p. 114-118.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c2b670a284ec42d9b5fb4158d7fc7cb2,
title = "Antibodies in cold stressed mice recognize a surface protein in Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites",
abstract = "Physical or psychological stressors are known to have significant consequences for immune function and the outcome of disease in human and animal models. In mice, cold water stress (CWS) has been shown to delay control of acute infection and reactivation of latent infections. Increased levels of parasite-specific IgG and IgM antibodies are observed when CWS is applied in the chronic phase. The present study examined the effects of a physical stressor, CWS, on tachyzoites antigens of Toxoplasma gondii, with particular emphasis on a low molecular weight antigen, 5 kDa, which seems to be recognized by antibodies from mice subjected to CWS in the chronic phase. This antigen is not recognized by antibodies from infected mice not subjected to CWS. Sera obtained from stressed and infected (CWS + INF) mice subjected to CWS during the chronic phase (CWS + INF + CWS) were used to harvest anti-5-kDa antibodies for immunolocalization studies. Tachyzoite lysate preparations were electrophoretically separated and transferred to nitrocellulose membranes. Strips of nitrocellulose containing tachyzoite antigens in the 4-10-kDa range were used to select for anti-5-kDa antibodies. Harvested anti-5-kDa localized this antigen on the surface of tachyzoites. This antigen was not present in bradyzoite preparations. Treatment with phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C showed this antigen was not anchored to the cell membrane through glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol. Strong antibody responses in stressed animals during the chronic phase are associated with parasite reactivation. The 5-kDa antigen constitutes a unique immunogenic component of T. gondii, with significant diagnostic potential for identifying reactivation of latent infections.",
author = "Thompson, {Eric G.} and Aviles, {Hernan O.} and Monroy, {Fernando P}",
year = "2008",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1645/GE-1304.1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "94",
pages = "114--118",
journal = "Journal of Parasitology",
issn = "0022-3395",
publisher = "American Society of Parasitologists",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antibodies in cold stressed mice recognize a surface protein in Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites

AU - Thompson, Eric G.

AU - Aviles, Hernan O.

AU - Monroy, Fernando P

PY - 2008/2

Y1 - 2008/2

N2 - Physical or psychological stressors are known to have significant consequences for immune function and the outcome of disease in human and animal models. In mice, cold water stress (CWS) has been shown to delay control of acute infection and reactivation of latent infections. Increased levels of parasite-specific IgG and IgM antibodies are observed when CWS is applied in the chronic phase. The present study examined the effects of a physical stressor, CWS, on tachyzoites antigens of Toxoplasma gondii, with particular emphasis on a low molecular weight antigen, 5 kDa, which seems to be recognized by antibodies from mice subjected to CWS in the chronic phase. This antigen is not recognized by antibodies from infected mice not subjected to CWS. Sera obtained from stressed and infected (CWS + INF) mice subjected to CWS during the chronic phase (CWS + INF + CWS) were used to harvest anti-5-kDa antibodies for immunolocalization studies. Tachyzoite lysate preparations were electrophoretically separated and transferred to nitrocellulose membranes. Strips of nitrocellulose containing tachyzoite antigens in the 4-10-kDa range were used to select for anti-5-kDa antibodies. Harvested anti-5-kDa localized this antigen on the surface of tachyzoites. This antigen was not present in bradyzoite preparations. Treatment with phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C showed this antigen was not anchored to the cell membrane through glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol. Strong antibody responses in stressed animals during the chronic phase are associated with parasite reactivation. The 5-kDa antigen constitutes a unique immunogenic component of T. gondii, with significant diagnostic potential for identifying reactivation of latent infections.

AB - Physical or psychological stressors are known to have significant consequences for immune function and the outcome of disease in human and animal models. In mice, cold water stress (CWS) has been shown to delay control of acute infection and reactivation of latent infections. Increased levels of parasite-specific IgG and IgM antibodies are observed when CWS is applied in the chronic phase. The present study examined the effects of a physical stressor, CWS, on tachyzoites antigens of Toxoplasma gondii, with particular emphasis on a low molecular weight antigen, 5 kDa, which seems to be recognized by antibodies from mice subjected to CWS in the chronic phase. This antigen is not recognized by antibodies from infected mice not subjected to CWS. Sera obtained from stressed and infected (CWS + INF) mice subjected to CWS during the chronic phase (CWS + INF + CWS) were used to harvest anti-5-kDa antibodies for immunolocalization studies. Tachyzoite lysate preparations were electrophoretically separated and transferred to nitrocellulose membranes. Strips of nitrocellulose containing tachyzoite antigens in the 4-10-kDa range were used to select for anti-5-kDa antibodies. Harvested anti-5-kDa localized this antigen on the surface of tachyzoites. This antigen was not present in bradyzoite preparations. Treatment with phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C showed this antigen was not anchored to the cell membrane through glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol. Strong antibody responses in stressed animals during the chronic phase are associated with parasite reactivation. The 5-kDa antigen constitutes a unique immunogenic component of T. gondii, with significant diagnostic potential for identifying reactivation of latent infections.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=40949118575&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=40949118575&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1645/GE-1304.1

DO - 10.1645/GE-1304.1

M3 - Article

VL - 94

SP - 114

EP - 118

JO - Journal of Parasitology

JF - Journal of Parasitology

SN - 0022-3395

IS - 1

ER -