An evaluation of the interaction between quality of attention and negative reinforcement with children who display escape-maintained problem behavior

Andrew W Gardner, David P. Wacker, Eric W. Boelter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations


The choice-making behavior of 2 typically developing children who engaged in problem behavior maintained by negative reinforcement was evaluated within a concurrent-operants assessment that varied the quality of attention across free-play and demand conditions. The results demonstrated that it was possible to bias responding towards academic demands for both participants by providing high-quality attention, despite the continuous availability of negative reinforcement. The current study extended brief clinical methods with typically developing children and demonstrated how different qualities of attention provided across concurrent schedules could bias responding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-348
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes



  • Brief experimental analysis
  • Concurrent operants
  • Establishing operations
  • Noncompliance
  • Quality of attention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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