Age-related differences in memory for lateral orientation of pictures

J. C. Bartlett, R. E. Till, M. Gernsbacher, W. Gorman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two experiments examined memory for the lateral orientation of scenic pictures by young and elderly adults. In experiment 1, an input list of pictures was followed by a test demanding discrimination between (a) targets versus reversed copies of input items, or (b) targets versus new pictures which verbally resembled input items. The age-related difference was reliably larger in the former task than in the latter. Experiment 2 compared incidental versus intentional acquisition of orientation under conditions of short (1 second) and long (5 second) presentation of pictures at input. With short presentation, though not with long presentation, intentional instructions reliably impaired orientation memory. With both presentation times, robust age-related differences were obtained. The results suggest an age-related deficit in truly non-intentional encoding of orientation, and pose a challenge for capacity theories of memory across the lifespan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-446
Number of pages8
JournalJournals of Gerontology
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging

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