Advanced Practice Nursing student knowledge in obesity management: A mixed methods research study

Sharon M. Fruh, Angela K Golden, Rebecca J. Graves, Heather R. Hall, Leigh A. Minchew, Susan Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Obesity, the most prevalent chronic disease affecting multiple systems, is associated with increased mortality and a decreased life expectancy. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify Advanced Practice Nursing (APN) students' confidence of obesity management as well as satisfaction of APN curriculum on and curricular recommendations regarding obesity management. Design: Modified convergent mixed-methods design. Setting: A university-based college of nursing in the Deep South. Participants: Graduate APN Students. Methods: An exploratory mixed methods online survey was administered to APN students. The survey included demographics; confidence in obesity management; knowledge of pharmacological treatment; self-reported height and weight; experiences and challenges related to obesity management; and suggestions of curricular content changes for the treatment of obesity that would increase student expertise and confidence. Results: Ninety-nine surveys were completed by 94 female and five male APN students aged 26 to 61 years. The majority (70.7%) were white with BMIs ranging from 19.57 to 51.37 (x̅=27.81). Areas where students were least comfortable were prescribing anti-obesity medications and accurately billing for obesity management. Fourteen percent of APN students reported feeling that their graduate nursing education program did not prepare them well in obesity management, 25.3% reported feeling slightly well prepared, 32% reported feeling moderately well prepared, and 27.8% reported feeling very well or extremely well prepared. Qualitative responses accentuated insecurity in areas such as initiating a discussion on obesity management with patients who have obesity. Conclusions: Overall, APN students requested that their curriculum incorporate more instruction on how to begin the discussion of weight loss and provide clear evidence-based guidelines that include diet, exercise, and medication options. An efficient way to affect the management and treatment of obesity is to ensure that the next generation of providers is thoroughly prepared to implement the best evidence-based obesity management for patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalNurse Education Today
Volume77
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

Fingerprint

Advanced Practice Nursing
Nursing Students
nursing
Obesity
management
Research
student
confidence
Emotions
medication
graduate
Curriculum
curriculum
Graduate Nursing Education
life expectancy
online survey
Students
evidence
expertise
mortality

Keywords

  • Advanced Practice Nursing student
  • Evidence-based practice
  • Graduate nursing education
  • Mixed methods
  • Obesity
  • Obesity management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Advanced Practice Nursing student knowledge in obesity management : A mixed methods research study. / Fruh, Sharon M.; Golden, Angela K; Graves, Rebecca J.; Hall, Heather R.; Minchew, Leigh A.; Williams, Susan.

In: Nurse Education Today, Vol. 77, 01.06.2019, p. 59-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fruh, Sharon M. ; Golden, Angela K ; Graves, Rebecca J. ; Hall, Heather R. ; Minchew, Leigh A. ; Williams, Susan. / Advanced Practice Nursing student knowledge in obesity management : A mixed methods research study. In: Nurse Education Today. 2019 ; Vol. 77. pp. 59-64.
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abstract = "Background: Obesity, the most prevalent chronic disease affecting multiple systems, is associated with increased mortality and a decreased life expectancy. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify Advanced Practice Nursing (APN) students' confidence of obesity management as well as satisfaction of APN curriculum on and curricular recommendations regarding obesity management. Design: Modified convergent mixed-methods design. Setting: A university-based college of nursing in the Deep South. Participants: Graduate APN Students. Methods: An exploratory mixed methods online survey was administered to APN students. The survey included demographics; confidence in obesity management; knowledge of pharmacological treatment; self-reported height and weight; experiences and challenges related to obesity management; and suggestions of curricular content changes for the treatment of obesity that would increase student expertise and confidence. Results: Ninety-nine surveys were completed by 94 female and five male APN students aged 26 to 61 years. The majority (70.7{\%}) were white with BMIs ranging from 19.57 to 51.37 (x̅=27.81). Areas where students were least comfortable were prescribing anti-obesity medications and accurately billing for obesity management. Fourteen percent of APN students reported feeling that their graduate nursing education program did not prepare them well in obesity management, 25.3{\%} reported feeling slightly well prepared, 32{\%} reported feeling moderately well prepared, and 27.8{\%} reported feeling very well or extremely well prepared. Qualitative responses accentuated insecurity in areas such as initiating a discussion on obesity management with patients who have obesity. Conclusions: Overall, APN students requested that their curriculum incorporate more instruction on how to begin the discussion of weight loss and provide clear evidence-based guidelines that include diet, exercise, and medication options. An efficient way to affect the management and treatment of obesity is to ensure that the next generation of providers is thoroughly prepared to implement the best evidence-based obesity management for patients.",
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