A method for deriving net primary productivity and component respiratory fluxes from tower-based eddy covariance data: A case study using a 17-year data record from a Douglas-fir chronosequence

Christopher R Schwalm, T. Andrew Black, Kai Morgenstern, Elyn R. Humphreys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conventional gap-filling procedures for eddy covariance (EC) data are limited to calculating ecosystem respiration (RE) and gross ecosystem productivity (PG) as well as missing values of net ecosystem productivity (FNEP). We develop additional postprocessing steps that estimate net primary productivity (PN), autotrophic (Ra), and heterotrophic respiration (Rh). This is based on conservation of mass of carbon (C), Monte Carlo (MC) simulation, and three ratios: C use efficiency (CUE, PN to PG), Ra to RE, and FNEP to RE. This procedure, along with the estimation of FNEP, RE, and PG, was applied to a Douglas-fir dominated chronosequence on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. The EC data set consists of 17 site years from three sites: initiation (HDF00), pole/sapling (HDF88), and near mature (DF49), with stand ages from 1 to 56 years. Analysis focuses on annual C flux totals and C balance ratios as a function of stand age, assuming a rotation age of 56 years. All six C balance terms generally increased with stand age. Average annual PN by stand was 213, 750, and 1261g Cm-2 yr-1 for HDF00, HDF88, and DF49, respectively. The canopy compensation point, the year when the chronosequence switched from a source to a sink of C, occurred at stand age ca. 20 years. HDF00 and HDF88 were strong and moderate sources (FNEP=-581 and -138g Cm-2yr-1), respectively, while DF49 was a moderate sink (FNEP=294g Cm-2yr-1) for C. Differences between sites were greater than interannual variation (IAV) within sites and highlighted the importance of age-related effects in C cycling. The validity of the approach is discussed using a sensitivity analysis, a comparison with growth and yield estimates from the same chronosequence, and an intercomparison with other chronosequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-385
Number of pages16
JournalGlobal Change Biology
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

chronosequence
eddy covariance
Towers
Productivity
Ecosystems
Fluxes
respiration
productivity
ecosystem
Sensitivity analysis
Poles
Conservation
Carbon
sapling
annual variation
sensitivity analysis
method
canopy
carbon
simulation

Keywords

  • Autotrophic respiration
  • Carbon use efficiency
  • Chronosequence
  • Douglas-fir
  • Eddy covariance
  • Heterotrophic respiration
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Net ecosystem productivity
  • Net primary productivity
  • Stand age

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "A method for deriving net primary productivity and component respiratory fluxes from tower-based eddy covariance data: A case study using a 17-year data record from a Douglas-fir chronosequence",
abstract = "Conventional gap-filling procedures for eddy covariance (EC) data are limited to calculating ecosystem respiration (RE) and gross ecosystem productivity (PG) as well as missing values of net ecosystem productivity (FNEP). We develop additional postprocessing steps that estimate net primary productivity (PN), autotrophic (Ra), and heterotrophic respiration (Rh). This is based on conservation of mass of carbon (C), Monte Carlo (MC) simulation, and three ratios: C use efficiency (CUE, PN to PG), Ra to RE, and FNEP to RE. This procedure, along with the estimation of FNEP, RE, and PG, was applied to a Douglas-fir dominated chronosequence on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. The EC data set consists of 17 site years from three sites: initiation (HDF00), pole/sapling (HDF88), and near mature (DF49), with stand ages from 1 to 56 years. Analysis focuses on annual C flux totals and C balance ratios as a function of stand age, assuming a rotation age of 56 years. All six C balance terms generally increased with stand age. Average annual PN by stand was 213, 750, and 1261g Cm-2 yr-1 for HDF00, HDF88, and DF49, respectively. The canopy compensation point, the year when the chronosequence switched from a source to a sink of C, occurred at stand age ca. 20 years. HDF00 and HDF88 were strong and moderate sources (FNEP=-581 and -138g Cm-2yr-1), respectively, while DF49 was a moderate sink (FNEP=294g Cm-2yr-1) for C. Differences between sites were greater than interannual variation (IAV) within sites and highlighted the importance of age-related effects in C cycling. The validity of the approach is discussed using a sensitivity analysis, a comparison with growth and yield estimates from the same chronosequence, and an intercomparison with other chronosequences.",
keywords = "Autotrophic respiration, Carbon use efficiency, Chronosequence, Douglas-fir, Eddy covariance, Heterotrophic respiration, Monte Carlo simulation, Net ecosystem productivity, Net primary productivity, Stand age",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - A method for deriving net primary productivity and component respiratory fluxes from tower-based eddy covariance data

T2 - A case study using a 17-year data record from a Douglas-fir chronosequence

AU - Schwalm, Christopher R

AU - Black, T. Andrew

AU - Morgenstern, Kai

AU - Humphreys, Elyn R.

PY - 2007/2

Y1 - 2007/2

N2 - Conventional gap-filling procedures for eddy covariance (EC) data are limited to calculating ecosystem respiration (RE) and gross ecosystem productivity (PG) as well as missing values of net ecosystem productivity (FNEP). We develop additional postprocessing steps that estimate net primary productivity (PN), autotrophic (Ra), and heterotrophic respiration (Rh). This is based on conservation of mass of carbon (C), Monte Carlo (MC) simulation, and three ratios: C use efficiency (CUE, PN to PG), Ra to RE, and FNEP to RE. This procedure, along with the estimation of FNEP, RE, and PG, was applied to a Douglas-fir dominated chronosequence on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. The EC data set consists of 17 site years from three sites: initiation (HDF00), pole/sapling (HDF88), and near mature (DF49), with stand ages from 1 to 56 years. Analysis focuses on annual C flux totals and C balance ratios as a function of stand age, assuming a rotation age of 56 years. All six C balance terms generally increased with stand age. Average annual PN by stand was 213, 750, and 1261g Cm-2 yr-1 for HDF00, HDF88, and DF49, respectively. The canopy compensation point, the year when the chronosequence switched from a source to a sink of C, occurred at stand age ca. 20 years. HDF00 and HDF88 were strong and moderate sources (FNEP=-581 and -138g Cm-2yr-1), respectively, while DF49 was a moderate sink (FNEP=294g Cm-2yr-1) for C. Differences between sites were greater than interannual variation (IAV) within sites and highlighted the importance of age-related effects in C cycling. The validity of the approach is discussed using a sensitivity analysis, a comparison with growth and yield estimates from the same chronosequence, and an intercomparison with other chronosequences.

AB - Conventional gap-filling procedures for eddy covariance (EC) data are limited to calculating ecosystem respiration (RE) and gross ecosystem productivity (PG) as well as missing values of net ecosystem productivity (FNEP). We develop additional postprocessing steps that estimate net primary productivity (PN), autotrophic (Ra), and heterotrophic respiration (Rh). This is based on conservation of mass of carbon (C), Monte Carlo (MC) simulation, and three ratios: C use efficiency (CUE, PN to PG), Ra to RE, and FNEP to RE. This procedure, along with the estimation of FNEP, RE, and PG, was applied to a Douglas-fir dominated chronosequence on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. The EC data set consists of 17 site years from three sites: initiation (HDF00), pole/sapling (HDF88), and near mature (DF49), with stand ages from 1 to 56 years. Analysis focuses on annual C flux totals and C balance ratios as a function of stand age, assuming a rotation age of 56 years. All six C balance terms generally increased with stand age. Average annual PN by stand was 213, 750, and 1261g Cm-2 yr-1 for HDF00, HDF88, and DF49, respectively. The canopy compensation point, the year when the chronosequence switched from a source to a sink of C, occurred at stand age ca. 20 years. HDF00 and HDF88 were strong and moderate sources (FNEP=-581 and -138g Cm-2yr-1), respectively, while DF49 was a moderate sink (FNEP=294g Cm-2yr-1) for C. Differences between sites were greater than interannual variation (IAV) within sites and highlighted the importance of age-related effects in C cycling. The validity of the approach is discussed using a sensitivity analysis, a comparison with growth and yield estimates from the same chronosequence, and an intercomparison with other chronosequences.

KW - Autotrophic respiration

KW - Carbon use efficiency

KW - Chronosequence

KW - Douglas-fir

KW - Eddy covariance

KW - Heterotrophic respiration

KW - Monte Carlo simulation

KW - Net ecosystem productivity

KW - Net primary productivity

KW - Stand age

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