A global multiproxy database for temperature reconstructions of the Common Era

Julien Emile-Geay, Nicholas P. McKay, Darrell S Kaufman, Lucien Von Gunten, Jianghao Wang, Kevin J. Anchukaitis, Nerilie J. Abram, Jason A. Addison, Mark A.J. Curran, Michael N. Evans, Benjamin J. Henley, Zhixin Hao, Belen Martrat, Helen V. McGregor, Raphael Neukom, Gregory T. Pederson, Barbara Stenni, Kaustubh Thirumalai, Johannes P. Werner, Chenxi Xu & 78 others Dmitry V. Divine, Bronwyn C. Dixon, Joelle Gergis, Ignacio A. Mundo, Takeshi Nakatsuka, Steven J. Phipps, Cody C. Routson, Eric J. Steig, Jessica E. Tierney, Jonathan J. Tyler, Kathryn J. Allen, Nancy A.N. Bertler, Jesper Björklund, Brian M. Chase, Min Te Chen, Ed Cook, Rixt De Jong, Kristine L. DeLong, Daniel A. Dixon, Alexey A. Ekaykin, Vasile Ersek, Helena L. Filipsson, Pierre Francus, Mandy B. Freund, Massimo Frezzotti, Narayan P. Gaire, Konrad Gajewski, Quansheng Ge, Hugues Goosse, Anastasia Gornostaeva, Martin Grosjean, Kazuho Horiuchi, Anne Hormes, Katrine Husum, Elisabeth Isaksson, Selvaraj Kandasamy, Kenji Kawamura, K. Halimeda Kilbourne, Nalan Koç, Guillaume Leduc, Hans W. Linderholm, Andrew M. Lorrey, Vladimir Mikhalenko, P. Graham Mortyn, Hideaki Motoyama, Andrew D. Moy, Robert Mulvaney, Philipp M. Munz, David J. Nash, Hans Oerter, Thomas Opel, Anais J. Orsi, Dmitriy V. Ovchinnikov, Trevor J. Porter, Heidi A. Roop, Casey Saenger, Masaki Sano, David Sauchyn, Krystyna M. Saunders, Marit Solveig Seidenkrantz, Mirko Severi, Xuemei Shao, Marie Alexandrine Sicre, Michael Sigl, Kate Sinclair, Scott St George, Jeannine Marie St Jacques, Meloth Thamban, Udya Kuwar Thapa, Elizabeth R. Thomas, Chris Turney, Ryu Uemura, Andre E. Viau, Diana O. Vladimirova, Eugene R. Wahl, James W.C. White, Zicheng Yu, Jens Zinke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reproducible climate reconstructions of the Common Era (1 CE to present) are key to placing industrial-era warming into the context of natural climatic variability. Here we present a community-sourced database of temperature-sensitive proxy records from the PAGES2k initiative. The database gathers 692 records from 648 locations, including all continental regions and major ocean basins. The records are from trees, ice, sediment, corals, speleothems, documentary evidence, and other archives. They range in length from 50 to 2000 years, with a median of 547 years, while temporal resolution ranges from biweekly to centennial. Nearly half of the proxy time series are significantly correlated with HadCRUT4.2 surface temperature over the period 1850-2014. Global temperature composites show a remarkable degree of coherence between high- and low-resolution archives, with broadly similar patterns across archive types, terrestrial versus marine locations, and screening criteria. The database is suited to investigations of global and regional temperature variability over the Common Era, and is shared in the Linked Paleo Data (LiPD) format, including serializations in Matlab, R and Python.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number170088
JournalScientific data
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 11 2017

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reconstruction
Temperature
Python
Linked Data
time series
Sediment
climate
Climate
Ocean
Range of data
Ice
Screening
MATLAB
Time series
Sediments
High Resolution
present
Composite
community
evidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Library and Information Sciences
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Statistics and Probability

Cite this

Emile-Geay, J., McKay, N. P., Kaufman, D. S., Von Gunten, L., Wang, J., Anchukaitis, K. J., ... Zinke, J. (2017). A global multiproxy database for temperature reconstructions of the Common Era. Scientific data, 4, [170088]. https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2017.88

A global multiproxy database for temperature reconstructions of the Common Era. / Emile-Geay, Julien; McKay, Nicholas P.; Kaufman, Darrell S; Von Gunten, Lucien; Wang, Jianghao; Anchukaitis, Kevin J.; Abram, Nerilie J.; Addison, Jason A.; Curran, Mark A.J.; Evans, Michael N.; Henley, Benjamin J.; Hao, Zhixin; Martrat, Belen; McGregor, Helen V.; Neukom, Raphael; Pederson, Gregory T.; Stenni, Barbara; Thirumalai, Kaustubh; Werner, Johannes P.; Xu, Chenxi; Divine, Dmitry V.; Dixon, Bronwyn C.; Gergis, Joelle; Mundo, Ignacio A.; Nakatsuka, Takeshi; Phipps, Steven J.; Routson, Cody C.; Steig, Eric J.; Tierney, Jessica E.; Tyler, Jonathan J.; Allen, Kathryn J.; Bertler, Nancy A.N.; Björklund, Jesper; Chase, Brian M.; Chen, Min Te; Cook, Ed; De Jong, Rixt; DeLong, Kristine L.; Dixon, Daniel A.; Ekaykin, Alexey A.; Ersek, Vasile; Filipsson, Helena L.; Francus, Pierre; Freund, Mandy B.; Frezzotti, Massimo; Gaire, Narayan P.; Gajewski, Konrad; Ge, Quansheng; Goosse, Hugues; Gornostaeva, Anastasia; Grosjean, Martin; Horiuchi, Kazuho; Hormes, Anne; Husum, Katrine; Isaksson, Elisabeth; Kandasamy, Selvaraj; Kawamura, Kenji; Kilbourne, K. Halimeda; Koç, Nalan; Leduc, Guillaume; Linderholm, Hans W.; Lorrey, Andrew M.; Mikhalenko, Vladimir; Mortyn, P. Graham; Motoyama, Hideaki; Moy, Andrew D.; Mulvaney, Robert; Munz, Philipp M.; Nash, David J.; Oerter, Hans; Opel, Thomas; Orsi, Anais J.; Ovchinnikov, Dmitriy V.; Porter, Trevor J.; Roop, Heidi A.; Saenger, Casey; Sano, Masaki; Sauchyn, David; Saunders, Krystyna M.; Seidenkrantz, Marit Solveig; Severi, Mirko; Shao, Xuemei; Sicre, Marie Alexandrine; Sigl, Michael; Sinclair, Kate; St George, Scott; St Jacques, Jeannine Marie; Thamban, Meloth; Thapa, Udya Kuwar; Thomas, Elizabeth R.; Turney, Chris; Uemura, Ryu; Viau, Andre E.; Vladimirova, Diana O.; Wahl, Eugene R.; White, James W.C.; Yu, Zicheng; Zinke, Jens.

In: Scientific data, Vol. 4, 170088, 11.07.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Emile-Geay, J, McKay, NP, Kaufman, DS, Von Gunten, L, Wang, J, Anchukaitis, KJ, Abram, NJ, Addison, JA, Curran, MAJ, Evans, MN, Henley, BJ, Hao, Z, Martrat, B, McGregor, HV, Neukom, R, Pederson, GT, Stenni, B, Thirumalai, K, Werner, JP, Xu, C, Divine, DV, Dixon, BC, Gergis, J, Mundo, IA, Nakatsuka, T, Phipps, SJ, Routson, CC, Steig, EJ, Tierney, JE, Tyler, JJ, Allen, KJ, Bertler, NAN, Björklund, J, Chase, BM, Chen, MT, Cook, E, De Jong, R, DeLong, KL, Dixon, DA, Ekaykin, AA, Ersek, V, Filipsson, HL, Francus, P, Freund, MB, Frezzotti, M, Gaire, NP, Gajewski, K, Ge, Q, Goosse, H, Gornostaeva, A, Grosjean, M, Horiuchi, K, Hormes, A, Husum, K, Isaksson, E, Kandasamy, S, Kawamura, K, Kilbourne, KH, Koç, N, Leduc, G, Linderholm, HW, Lorrey, AM, Mikhalenko, V, Mortyn, PG, Motoyama, H, Moy, AD, Mulvaney, R, Munz, PM, Nash, DJ, Oerter, H, Opel, T, Orsi, AJ, Ovchinnikov, DV, Porter, TJ, Roop, HA, Saenger, C, Sano, M, Sauchyn, D, Saunders, KM, Seidenkrantz, MS, Severi, M, Shao, X, Sicre, MA, Sigl, M, Sinclair, K, St George, S, St Jacques, JM, Thamban, M, Thapa, UK, Thomas, ER, Turney, C, Uemura, R, Viau, AE, Vladimirova, DO, Wahl, ER, White, JWC, Yu, Z & Zinke, J 2017, 'A global multiproxy database for temperature reconstructions of the Common Era', Scientific data, vol. 4, 170088. https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2017.88
Emile-Geay J, McKay NP, Kaufman DS, Von Gunten L, Wang J, Anchukaitis KJ et al. A global multiproxy database for temperature reconstructions of the Common Era. Scientific data. 2017 Jul 11;4. 170088. https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2017.88
Emile-Geay, Julien ; McKay, Nicholas P. ; Kaufman, Darrell S ; Von Gunten, Lucien ; Wang, Jianghao ; Anchukaitis, Kevin J. ; Abram, Nerilie J. ; Addison, Jason A. ; Curran, Mark A.J. ; Evans, Michael N. ; Henley, Benjamin J. ; Hao, Zhixin ; Martrat, Belen ; McGregor, Helen V. ; Neukom, Raphael ; Pederson, Gregory T. ; Stenni, Barbara ; Thirumalai, Kaustubh ; Werner, Johannes P. ; Xu, Chenxi ; Divine, Dmitry V. ; Dixon, Bronwyn C. ; Gergis, Joelle ; Mundo, Ignacio A. ; Nakatsuka, Takeshi ; Phipps, Steven J. ; Routson, Cody C. ; Steig, Eric J. ; Tierney, Jessica E. ; Tyler, Jonathan J. ; Allen, Kathryn J. ; Bertler, Nancy A.N. ; Björklund, Jesper ; Chase, Brian M. ; Chen, Min Te ; Cook, Ed ; De Jong, Rixt ; DeLong, Kristine L. ; Dixon, Daniel A. ; Ekaykin, Alexey A. ; Ersek, Vasile ; Filipsson, Helena L. ; Francus, Pierre ; Freund, Mandy B. ; Frezzotti, Massimo ; Gaire, Narayan P. ; Gajewski, Konrad ; Ge, Quansheng ; Goosse, Hugues ; Gornostaeva, Anastasia ; Grosjean, Martin ; Horiuchi, Kazuho ; Hormes, Anne ; Husum, Katrine ; Isaksson, Elisabeth ; Kandasamy, Selvaraj ; Kawamura, Kenji ; Kilbourne, K. Halimeda ; Koç, Nalan ; Leduc, Guillaume ; Linderholm, Hans W. ; Lorrey, Andrew M. ; Mikhalenko, Vladimir ; Mortyn, P. Graham ; Motoyama, Hideaki ; Moy, Andrew D. ; Mulvaney, Robert ; Munz, Philipp M. ; Nash, David J. ; Oerter, Hans ; Opel, Thomas ; Orsi, Anais J. ; Ovchinnikov, Dmitriy V. ; Porter, Trevor J. ; Roop, Heidi A. ; Saenger, Casey ; Sano, Masaki ; Sauchyn, David ; Saunders, Krystyna M. ; Seidenkrantz, Marit Solveig ; Severi, Mirko ; Shao, Xuemei ; Sicre, Marie Alexandrine ; Sigl, Michael ; Sinclair, Kate ; St George, Scott ; St Jacques, Jeannine Marie ; Thamban, Meloth ; Thapa, Udya Kuwar ; Thomas, Elizabeth R. ; Turney, Chris ; Uemura, Ryu ; Viau, Andre E. ; Vladimirova, Diana O. ; Wahl, Eugene R. ; White, James W.C. ; Yu, Zicheng ; Zinke, Jens. / A global multiproxy database for temperature reconstructions of the Common Era. In: Scientific data. 2017 ; Vol. 4.
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T1 - A global multiproxy database for temperature reconstructions of the Common Era

AU - Emile-Geay, Julien

AU - McKay, Nicholas P.

AU - Kaufman, Darrell S

AU - Von Gunten, Lucien

AU - Wang, Jianghao

AU - Anchukaitis, Kevin J.

AU - Abram, Nerilie J.

AU - Addison, Jason A.

AU - Curran, Mark A.J.

AU - Evans, Michael N.

AU - Henley, Benjamin J.

AU - Hao, Zhixin

AU - Martrat, Belen

AU - McGregor, Helen V.

AU - Neukom, Raphael

AU - Pederson, Gregory T.

AU - Stenni, Barbara

AU - Thirumalai, Kaustubh

AU - Werner, Johannes P.

AU - Xu, Chenxi

AU - Divine, Dmitry V.

AU - Dixon, Bronwyn C.

AU - Gergis, Joelle

AU - Mundo, Ignacio A.

AU - Nakatsuka, Takeshi

AU - Phipps, Steven J.

AU - Routson, Cody C.

AU - Steig, Eric J.

AU - Tierney, Jessica E.

AU - Tyler, Jonathan J.

AU - Allen, Kathryn J.

AU - Bertler, Nancy A.N.

AU - Björklund, Jesper

AU - Chase, Brian M.

AU - Chen, Min Te

AU - Cook, Ed

AU - De Jong, Rixt

AU - DeLong, Kristine L.

AU - Dixon, Daniel A.

AU - Ekaykin, Alexey A.

AU - Ersek, Vasile

AU - Filipsson, Helena L.

AU - Francus, Pierre

AU - Freund, Mandy B.

AU - Frezzotti, Massimo

AU - Gaire, Narayan P.

AU - Gajewski, Konrad

AU - Ge, Quansheng

AU - Goosse, Hugues

AU - Gornostaeva, Anastasia

AU - Grosjean, Martin

AU - Horiuchi, Kazuho

AU - Hormes, Anne

AU - Husum, Katrine

AU - Isaksson, Elisabeth

AU - Kandasamy, Selvaraj

AU - Kawamura, Kenji

AU - Kilbourne, K. Halimeda

AU - Koç, Nalan

AU - Leduc, Guillaume

AU - Linderholm, Hans W.

AU - Lorrey, Andrew M.

AU - Mikhalenko, Vladimir

AU - Mortyn, P. Graham

AU - Motoyama, Hideaki

AU - Moy, Andrew D.

AU - Mulvaney, Robert

AU - Munz, Philipp M.

AU - Nash, David J.

AU - Oerter, Hans

AU - Opel, Thomas

AU - Orsi, Anais J.

AU - Ovchinnikov, Dmitriy V.

AU - Porter, Trevor J.

AU - Roop, Heidi A.

AU - Saenger, Casey

AU - Sano, Masaki

AU - Sauchyn, David

AU - Saunders, Krystyna M.

AU - Seidenkrantz, Marit Solveig

AU - Severi, Mirko

AU - Shao, Xuemei

AU - Sicre, Marie Alexandrine

AU - Sigl, Michael

AU - Sinclair, Kate

AU - St George, Scott

AU - St Jacques, Jeannine Marie

AU - Thamban, Meloth

AU - Thapa, Udya Kuwar

AU - Thomas, Elizabeth R.

AU - Turney, Chris

AU - Uemura, Ryu

AU - Viau, Andre E.

AU - Vladimirova, Diana O.

AU - Wahl, Eugene R.

AU - White, James W.C.

AU - Yu, Zicheng

AU - Zinke, Jens

PY - 2017/7/11

Y1 - 2017/7/11

N2 - Reproducible climate reconstructions of the Common Era (1 CE to present) are key to placing industrial-era warming into the context of natural climatic variability. Here we present a community-sourced database of temperature-sensitive proxy records from the PAGES2k initiative. The database gathers 692 records from 648 locations, including all continental regions and major ocean basins. The records are from trees, ice, sediment, corals, speleothems, documentary evidence, and other archives. They range in length from 50 to 2000 years, with a median of 547 years, while temporal resolution ranges from biweekly to centennial. Nearly half of the proxy time series are significantly correlated with HadCRUT4.2 surface temperature over the period 1850-2014. Global temperature composites show a remarkable degree of coherence between high- and low-resolution archives, with broadly similar patterns across archive types, terrestrial versus marine locations, and screening criteria. The database is suited to investigations of global and regional temperature variability over the Common Era, and is shared in the Linked Paleo Data (LiPD) format, including serializations in Matlab, R and Python.

AB - Reproducible climate reconstructions of the Common Era (1 CE to present) are key to placing industrial-era warming into the context of natural climatic variability. Here we present a community-sourced database of temperature-sensitive proxy records from the PAGES2k initiative. The database gathers 692 records from 648 locations, including all continental regions and major ocean basins. The records are from trees, ice, sediment, corals, speleothems, documentary evidence, and other archives. They range in length from 50 to 2000 years, with a median of 547 years, while temporal resolution ranges from biweekly to centennial. Nearly half of the proxy time series are significantly correlated with HadCRUT4.2 surface temperature over the period 1850-2014. Global temperature composites show a remarkable degree of coherence between high- and low-resolution archives, with broadly similar patterns across archive types, terrestrial versus marine locations, and screening criteria. The database is suited to investigations of global and regional temperature variability over the Common Era, and is shared in the Linked Paleo Data (LiPD) format, including serializations in Matlab, R and Python.

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