24 μm Detections of circum(sub)stellar disks in IC 348: Grain growth and inner holes?

James Muzerolle, Lucía Adame, Paola D'Alessio, Nuria Calvet, Kevin L. Luhman, August A. Muench, Charles J. Lada, George H. Rieke, Nick Siegler, David E Trilling, Erick T. Young, Lori Allen, Lee Hartmann, S. Thomas Megeath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present observations of six late-type members of the young cluster IC 348 detected at 24 μm with the Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS). At least four of the objects are probably substellar. Combining these data with ground-based optical and near-infrared photometry and complementary observations with the Infrared Array Camera (IRAC), we have modeled the spectral energy distributions using detailed models of irradiated accretion disks. We are able to fit the observations with models using a range of maximum grain sizes from ISM-type dust to grains as large as 1 mm. Two objects show a lack of excess emission at wavelengths shortward of 5.8-8 μm but significant excess at longer wavelengths, indicative of large optically thin or evacuated inner holes. Our models indicate an inner hole of radius ∼0.5-0.9 AU for the brown dwarf L316; this is the first brown dwarf with evidence for an AU-scale inner disk hole. We examine several possible mechanisms for the inner disk clearing in this case, including photoevaporation and planet formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1003-1010
Number of pages8
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume643
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

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wavelength
infrared photometry
clearing
photometer
spectral energy distribution
wavelengths
accretion disks
photometers
planets
near infrared
planet
grain size
dust
cameras
accretion
radii
energy
detection
distribution
young

Keywords

  • Accretion, accretion disks
  • Circumstellar matter
  • Infrared: stars
  • Stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs
  • Stars: pre-main-sequence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Muzerolle, J., Adame, L., D'Alessio, P., Calvet, N., Luhman, K. L., Muench, A. A., ... Megeath, S. T. (2006). 24 μm Detections of circum(sub)stellar disks in IC 348: Grain growth and inner holes? Astrophysical Journal, 643(2 I), 1003-1010. https://doi.org/10.1086/503271

24 μm Detections of circum(sub)stellar disks in IC 348 : Grain growth and inner holes? / Muzerolle, James; Adame, Lucía; D'Alessio, Paola; Calvet, Nuria; Luhman, Kevin L.; Muench, August A.; Lada, Charles J.; Rieke, George H.; Siegler, Nick; Trilling, David E; Young, Erick T.; Allen, Lori; Hartmann, Lee; Megeath, S. Thomas.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 643, No. 2 I, 01.06.2006, p. 1003-1010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Muzerolle, J, Adame, L, D'Alessio, P, Calvet, N, Luhman, KL, Muench, AA, Lada, CJ, Rieke, GH, Siegler, N, Trilling, DE, Young, ET, Allen, L, Hartmann, L & Megeath, ST 2006, '24 μm Detections of circum(sub)stellar disks in IC 348: Grain growth and inner holes?', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 643, no. 2 I, pp. 1003-1010. https://doi.org/10.1086/503271
Muzerolle J, Adame L, D'Alessio P, Calvet N, Luhman KL, Muench AA et al. 24 μm Detections of circum(sub)stellar disks in IC 348: Grain growth and inner holes? Astrophysical Journal. 2006 Jun 1;643(2 I):1003-1010. https://doi.org/10.1086/503271
Muzerolle, James ; Adame, Lucía ; D'Alessio, Paola ; Calvet, Nuria ; Luhman, Kevin L. ; Muench, August A. ; Lada, Charles J. ; Rieke, George H. ; Siegler, Nick ; Trilling, David E ; Young, Erick T. ; Allen, Lori ; Hartmann, Lee ; Megeath, S. Thomas. / 24 μm Detections of circum(sub)stellar disks in IC 348 : Grain growth and inner holes?. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2006 ; Vol. 643, No. 2 I. pp. 1003-1010.
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abstract = "We present observations of six late-type members of the young cluster IC 348 detected at 24 μm with the Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS). At least four of the objects are probably substellar. Combining these data with ground-based optical and near-infrared photometry and complementary observations with the Infrared Array Camera (IRAC), we have modeled the spectral energy distributions using detailed models of irradiated accretion disks. We are able to fit the observations with models using a range of maximum grain sizes from ISM-type dust to grains as large as 1 mm. Two objects show a lack of excess emission at wavelengths shortward of 5.8-8 μm but significant excess at longer wavelengths, indicative of large optically thin or evacuated inner holes. Our models indicate an inner hole of radius ∼0.5-0.9 AU for the brown dwarf L316; this is the first brown dwarf with evidence for an AU-scale inner disk hole. We examine several possible mechanisms for the inner disk clearing in this case, including photoevaporation and planet formation.",
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